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On time-travelling to the innovative era in history, it can be clearly noticed that solely sowing the seed of an idea does not bring change or to say uplift the present from the past. It is necessary that an idea BE worked upon and executed proactively and efficiently, too. For example, it is a well-known fact that Thomas Elva Edison did not innovate the lamp – but an electric lamp. He took forward the concept of a gas lamp, worked upon it for an advancement of the idea, and executed it persistently to invent electric lamp (at the thousandth attempt). The same principle followed by the PM Narendra Modi is changing the way that how governance should work.

Since 1989, the Indian democracy has never witnessed a phenomenal majority in parliament. It was in 2014 when Narendra Modi repeated the history. PM Narendra Modi’s manifesto’s most shining element ‘Acche Din Aayenge’ attacked at the core of people’s resentment on previous governments’ high-level scams and corruption, ineffectiveness, poor governance, etc.. PM Narendra Modi played the right stroke – ‘Acche Din Aanewale hain’ – at the right time to triumph the nation’s most powerful seat. And that too in spite of the some of the well-performing growth indexes as well as remarkable initiatives that can be credited to the previous government. Maybe the public would have thought that Prime Minister Narendra Modi could vanguard nation’s development in the most effective way as he did in Gujarat as CM. And that is happening too. PM Modi is taking forward the ideas, policies, schemes, etc. – that are or were great but not-performing – to an advanced level as required in current times. And most importantly executing it in the most efficient manner possible.

Major schemes that had been MODIified and are now been vanguard-ed by PM Modi are:

1. ‘Jan Dhan Yojana’
Earlier financial scheme ‘Swabhimaan’ was very much in a line to this scheme i.e. the financial inclusion of all Indian citizens and access to financial services like banking, remittance, pension, etc.. However, the former one was targeted to only rural areas. And the latter (Jan Dhan Yojana) included all the Indian population irrespective of rural or urban areas; a major change or MODIfication.

2. Similarly, DBT (Direct Benefits Transfer Scheme) was the flagship program initiated in 2013 by former prime minister Manmohan Singh. However, PM Modi modified it into PAHAL by making major changes, like solving the earlier problems faced by customers in linking Aadhar Card to bank accounts and thus enabled the direct transfer of LPG subsidy into bank accounts of LPG customers.

3. GST Bill is also on the list. This bill is credited to be spearheaded by former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee, but PM Narendra Modi vanguard-ed it to bring it in effect. GST is an indirect tax on manufacturing, sales, services, and consumption of goods. Its implementation will boost the growth of many sectors as it replaces the taxes levied separately by the central and state governments.

Whatever may be the MODIfication, the one thing that is improving KPIs of economic development of India is PM Narendra Modi’s style of governance or running the government. Although DBT and GST went into the favour of Modi Sarkar, the way it is being implemented and executed is relatively best from the previous Executor (at least what statistics reflects). And although PM Modi creatively plays with already existing development channels or institutions, how it can be made effective in order to bring changes at grassroots levels has never been shown by any previous government in their tenures. (Here, the creative play was to revamp the old ideas by introducing the new ways of executing it or new visions for the institutions. For example, the Nehru’s Social-Economic model which was the philosophical base of Planning Commission was replaced by the vision to achieve Sustainable Development Goals i.e. NITI Aayog.)

The other policies and institutions that witnessed the transformation are:

4. Smart Cities
This scheme can be considered as a replacement of JnNURM. It is a revival of cities w.r.t to digital technologies and livable urban life by smart solutions like the smart electricity grid, zero waste technologies, e-governance, etc.

5. ‘Make in India’ initiative
It can be seen as an up gradation of LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation) policy and its aim is to make Indian economy be globally recognised. Efforts are to get maximum FDI and cover all the sectors, even startup ecosystem. Some of the untouched sectors – like  “Waste To Wealth” – that are a good potential of profit-making revenue models was stressed PM Modi during the inaugural speech of initiative.

6. MUDRA scheme
Under this scheme, SC & ST are to be provided loans for establishing micro and small sector industry and services. The loans are channelised via MFIs (Micro-Finance Institutions) instead of SIDBI which is the channel for similar scheme named PMEGS (Prime Minister Employment Generation Scheme).

From above, it is easy to establish that although MODIfication of many schemes and policies took place, it is only PM Modi’s governance style and an effort to improve bureaucracy- which has started to improve the figures of Public Service performance card. Like, beneficiaries of LPG Subsidy Scheme are till date more than 2 crores (rural women).

The other major changes or advancement that no previous government ever thought of are:

7. The change in Biofuel Policy
The change was to allow the biofuel manufacturers directly sell biofuels to consumers like Indian Railways (earlier, it was restricted and could only be sold to OMC).

8. RE-Invest
India’s first ever Renewable Energy Global Investors’ Meet and Expo in 2015 is the flagship program of PM Narendra Modi. It is initiated for achieving India’s green energy commitment i.e. 175 GW by 2022.

9. Demonetization
When we talk of original initiatives of Modi Sarkaar, then one need to bring ‘demonetization’ in the spotlight. Although the seed of the idea was sown by ARTHKRANTI (founded by Akil Bokil), without current PM of India Narendra Modi, this out-of-the-box concept could never be registered in history pages. It was to initiate cashless economy and some indicate is as the pioneering step to corruption free India. However, only the time will tell that what this step was meant for, politically.

10. India-Bangladesh land boundary agreement
This event under PM Modi is hailed as a very important milestone in bilateral relations with Bangladesh. It ratified the 1974 agreement by opting for the international arbitration in order to settle maritime boundary conflict.

11. Bankruptcy code
This is the code to save banks from rising non-performing assets and simultaneously to support entrepreneurs.

12. Mann Ki Baat
The first ever radio program where PM of India addresses to people of India on regular basis.

13. Digital India Initiative
As per the official website, Digital India in their own words is, “Digital India aims to provide the much-needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth areas, namely Broadband Highways, Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity, Public Internet Access Programme, e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology, e-Kranti – Electronic Delivery of Services, Information for All, Electronics Manufacturing, IT for Jobs and Early Harvest Programmes.”.

But, like any other new government in its first run has ‘misses,’ this government too, has such.

Misses are:

India-Pak relations
No indications of the further dialogue process and as per some socio-political experts the Surgical Strike.

India-Nepal relations
In spite of helping Nepal in rescue and rehabilitation after a disastrous earthquake, Anti-India protests are growing due to the halting of trade movements across the border were not allowed for many days.

Outrage in Central Universities
Under the MHRD, Smriti Irani took decisions that are quite controversial in nature. Like, starting from closing down the Ambedkar-Periyar Study circle of students of IIT-Madras, silence on the sedition charges against students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, decision to not support the off-campus centres of Aligarh Muslim University, statements on the suicide of Dalit Researcher at Hyderabad Central University, and FTII students strike.

Although Women’s Bill which is for one-third representation for women in Parliament and State Assemblies was passed by Upper House in 2010, it is still pending in Lower House where the BJP is in majority.

Keeping in mind the evolving globalisation and society, the MODIfication of existing policies, programs, and plans may seem to be good. But only future persistence in making efforts will manifest MODIfication. The figure of PM Modi as a vanguard of Development will progress from Truth to FACT only when the foundation of MODIfied India becomes a reality and not just another work in slow progress. Otherwise, it will be just an another Congress to India; former PM Jawaharlal Nehru did pave a foundation of industrial, cultural, and democratic India but the failure in implementation and execution by descendants painted something different.