Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayat Raj as the foundation of India’s political system. It was a decentralised form of government where each village would be responsible for its own affairs. The term for such a vision was gram swaraj (village self-governance).
These new grassroots democratic institutions in rural India are effectively filing in these needs. Buoyed by affirmative quotas, there are a few million women leaders who are driving a new change across the contours of rural India. Providing women with more and better opportunities to fulfill their social, economic, and political roles is now deemed so essential for ensuring the cognitive diversity that is so important for good decision-making, transparency and resilience. The women’s perspective has seldom been seen as critical to the design and delivery of services.
Development experts now widely recognize women’s role as critical to economic progress, good governance and healthy civil society. It has been said that women who are closest to the world’s most pressing issues are best placed to solve them. In many countries, women are adjusting to large-scale economic changes through community-based grassroots organizing efforts Development experts now widely recognize women’s role as critical to economic progress, healthy civil society, and good governance, especially in developing countries. The key levers for change, from the ground up, are clearly female empowerment.
Empowerment of women not only leads to emergence of women leaders but also quickens the pace development of the entire community. Research has shown that bringing women into leadership positions helps the larger community given that women think about the impact of their decisions on their families and surroundings. Women with lower levels of education are more likely to have less educated children; overburdened women (particularly those in poor, rural, subsistence households) are more likely to keep kids home from school to help with household labor: the children of women with poorer health are more likely to have a lower quality of health;; and so on. Studies also show that women adapt more easily to change and when women play leadership roles, communities cope better crisis and various challenges,