MARIAM ZAMANI WAS NOT THE MOTHER OF PRINCE DANIYAL i.indiaopines.com/padmakalki/mariam-zamani-was-not-the-mother-of-prince-daniyal/

Prince Daniyals mother was not Mariam zamani (MUZ):


The first important evidence is Daniyals mother died in 1596 as documented in Akbarnama while MUZ died in 1623 as in Jahangirnama.


Prince Daniyals mother was a royal concubine of Emperor.It is documented in Tuzuki i jahangiri.

I will now write in this article,regarding the rumour that has been spread in the net that Muz was the mother of Daniyal.The rumour was spread after the Jodha Akbar love story.There is no point in discussing about it ones we know the fact that Daniyal’s mother died in 1596.But in spite of it I would like to discuss about the rumour and give explanation about it.

1. Daniyal was sent to Amber,so could he be Muz son.

                           Sending Daniyal to Amber was only said as a point for MUZ to be Daniyals mother.First they should go through few chapters in Akbarnama.When Akbar was travelling to Gujarat for conquering it,he took Daniyals mother with him.On the way she couldn’t  endure the journey because she was near child birth, so Akbar located  the auspicious house of saint Daniyal in Ajmere and left her there and went to Gujarat.Near palodi he got the news that a son was born.He issued an order that after one month,when the kid was big enough to travel,responsible persons should convey  them to Amber which was a safe place for his son and also nearest, so easy to travel.The other royal families which had alliance with him like Bikaner and Jaiselmar was far away from Ajmere.After 6 months Akbar on his way back to Agra halted in Ajmere,sent his commanders to pick up Daniyal and once his son  joined him he went to Agra.At the same time Raja Bharmals daughter who was in Akbar’s harem during Gujarat conquest was sent from Ajmere to Amber to take part in the condolence of her brother Bupat.This is another evidence MUZ was not Daniyals mother.

In David price version which is said to be the unauthentic version of Jahangir’s autobiography,it is given that Daniyal was left in Rajabharmals care,but the time period is not mentioned.The details are elaborated in Akbarnama.People can go through both the books which are vey much in the net.


                                 Akbar when he started from Agra,he did not have any idea in dropping Daniyals mother in Amber,for if he intented he could have dropped her on his way to Ajmere for Amber is before Ajmere.So definetly Akbar had some other idea.Initially he did not have an idea to have the delivery in saint Daniyals house,all of a sudden the decision was taken.His other allied kingdom like Jaisalmer and Bikaner are quite far away,for a infant to withstand the journey.

                                 We can also interpret Akbar sending Daniyal to Amber in a different way.People know Bairam khans rebellion against Akbar.In the middle of the rebellion one of Bairam Khans relative Husain Quli Beg fell into the hands of Akbar.Akbar was in a hurry to go to Punjab to chase Bairam khan.Akbar always had good opinion on Hasan though he was in Bairam khans side.He made over Hasan to Adham khan before leaving because he considered Adham khan to be an arch rivalry of Hasan.In this way  Adham  was held responsible if anything happens to Hasan.Adham Khan took good care of Hasan who in future devoloped to be a trustworthy commander of Akbar.Similarly Akbar should have thought Amber being closest to Ajmere  could be a threat for his son as Daniyal was a contenter to the throne against Salim.Moreover Raja Bharmals daughter was with him when he went to Gujarat.So when his son was left in the care of  that family they will be held responsible.Raja Bharmal just to protect his kingdom he married his daughter to Akbar,so he will definetly not fall into the bad books of Akbar,by doing harm to his son.This is only my interpretation.So people can interpret however they like.So it is better stop interpreting history and go according to true historical facts and do not distort history.

2.Will Abul Fazal describe Daniyals mother as a chaste lady if she was a concubine:

                                  Abul fazal used the same term chaste for a concubine ummed,the mother of Nasir mirza younger brother to Emperor Babar.(Akbarnama pg221 vol 1).Then why should he not describe Daniyals mother as chaste lady.First of all Abul Fazl is a shamless flaterrer as said by Beveridge in the preface of Akbarnama.For him all Akbars wives are chaste,gem, pure and noble.How can he put the ladies down when they are the mothers of Akbars children.When Jahangir married Nurjahan,she was just a lady in waiting for Ruqaya but after the wedding all commanders were bowing in front of her.Abul fazl’s father had kids born through concubines which was well taken care by Abul Fazl himself.It was 15th century culture not 20th century.

3.Will Akbar sent a concubine son to Amber:

                                  For Akbar, Daniyal  was his precious son.He will not treat him inferiorly for most of his kids were through concubine.It is 15th century and not 20th century where multiple wives were there and they can have 100 concubines.For mughals kids born through wives as well as concubine were treated the same way.Babur’s father treated Babur and his brother Nasir Ahmed who was born through a concubine in the same way.Jahangir treated his fourth son Sharyar born through  a concubine  in the same way as his other son.Infact he was a favourable contender to the throne.Aurangazeb son Born through his concubine Udhaipuri mahal was treated in the same way as his other sons.  Raja Bharmals family will agree to Akbars request.Once it was Raja Bharmals son Bhagavandas who went to Jaisalmer,picked up the princess there and dropped her in Akbars harem for Akbar to marry.This may be abnormal for the 20th century people,but it was a common culture in the 15thcentury.Such a family will definetly take care of Akbar’s son who was just a kid.

Anarkali and Daniyals mother:

There are also historical records that Daniyals mother could  be the legendary Anarkali.The first historical mention of Anarkali was found in the travelogue of the British tourist and trader William Finch,who came to Lahore during 1608 to 1611.According to Finch’s account Anarkali was one of the wives of emperor Akbar and mother of his son Daniyal sha.Akbar developed suspicion that Anarkali had incestuous relationship with Prince Salim(Jahangir) upon which he entombed her within a wall of his palace where she died.Jahangir as a token of love ordered a magnificent tomb built for her.Edward Terry who visited a year after William Finch writes that Akbar had threatened to disinherit Jahangir,for his liaison with Anarkali,the emperors most beloved wife.But on his death bed Akbar repealed it( Early Travel in India, 1583-1619.Page no 166,330.)

But the account of the British traveller is falsified when one comes to know that Daniyal’s mother died in 1596 which does not match the dates inscribed on the sarcophagus that is 1599.

This clearly shows that there had been a bazaar gossip about Anarkali and Salim.The traveller had become confused because Daniyals mother had died that time.This shows Daniyals mothers death had been famous among the people of Lahore.



 Prince Daniyal’s mother died in 1596 as in  Akbarnama.Volume 3.Chapter:CXXVIII.Page no1063.

People can go through this page to know the true fact. Since it is a part of a chapter people may not have noticed it. Shahzada kanam,Akbars first daughter’s mothers death is also written as a part of a chapter.Abul Fazl doesn’t mention the death of most of Akbar’s wife.He had mentioned the death of these two ladies because they are mothers of Akbar’s children.


MUZ died in 1623 as documented in Jahangir.Even her death is very briefly mentioned by Jahangir,her son.





Thank you.




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  1. sitapalam says:

    Good authentic information.You should not have wasted your time in writing the full article.The first two lines itself says she is not the mother.With that it is over

  2. padmakalki says:

    This paragraph is from Akbarnama
    On the 15th Qāẓī Nūr Ullah was sent to make inquiries into the tenures (sayūrghāl)* of the province of Agra, and an order was given that new land should be given to the necessitous. On the 26th H.M. mounted on horseback and gathered delight in Bāgh Dilāwez. He spent the night with pleasure in the Deer-house. At the end of that day the great lady of the family of chastity, the mother of Prince Sulṭān Daniel, died. Next day an old servant of the harem of fortune died. H.M. after making his supplications to God adopted resignation, and begged forgiveness for them. On the 28th he returned to his palace. On this day the wife of the Prince Royal, who was the daughter of the ruler of Khāndes, died.

  3. padmakalki says:

    Good explanation.It is clear muz is not the mother of daniyal,then why Jodha akbar fans are blabering rubbish things

    1. greek says:

      I very much agree that Your explanation is good.People are boldly tellingwhat they like because many of them do not have time to read Akbarnama,Where you say it is clearly given Daniyals mothers death