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When the heart is filled with courage and the mind reflects will as strong as a rock, then physical challenges seem trifling. As it happened in the case of these five women, who defied their physicality to triumph over their life and career. Today, theirs is a tale to be told to inspire millions!
Gender and Identity Politics: Beyond Normative Heterosexuality
Any analysis into the world of gender should be of universal interest. After all in the opinion of many, one of the most crucial information about any individual is, whether the individual is born a man or a woman, and there on should acquire traits of masculinity and femininity. Is then not that according to many gender should be perceived as something inevitably built by culture acting upon male and female bodies. In short, we often signify with gender as culturally constructed maleness and femaleness. There is no denying the fact that such an understanding is radical enough as it implicitly reflects the feminist imagination on gender which questions that biology is destiny. However, then are not such views and imaginations too totalizing? After all they typify the entire humanity with two culturally intelligible categories male and female ignoring or undermining all that seems not to fit within the frame of dominant culture.
The article 377 of the Indian constitution is provocative enough posing a challenge to such dominant conceptions. Focusing on certain inclusions it provides a basis to rethink regarding the efficacy of categories like gender and sex and takes us to the realm of post-modern feminism and queer politics. Post-modern feminism calls for a deconstruction and decontextualization of categorises as sex, gender, body, man and woman, so as to realize their exclusionary limits. It carries the idea that gender should not be seen within the framework of binary categories of male and female, but it should be seen as it comes to be intersected and articulated by several modalities and vectors of power like sexuality, race and class etc. It thus, disavows distinction that the main-stream feminists make between sex and gender basing it on nature-culture dichotomy reflecting it as heterosexist and hence, reductive. Instead, it points out that the category of sex is as cultural as the category of gender. The juxtaposition of sex with nature tantamounts to its political use and purely serves the purpose of reproductive sexuality.
And, should it not be that a pervasive heterosexual assumption in the literary theory as well in our daily lives that make presumptions about the limits and proprietary of gender and restrict its meaning to received notions of masculinity and femininity be questioned. As how is that certain kinds of gendered expressions are considered to be false or derivative and others true or original? For homosexuality and categories as gays and lesbians are as natural or social as sex and gender. The need is to come out of the defined and normative understanding of gender. For the markers of gender as Judith Butler, one of the famous feminist theorist puts it are independent of biological body. The “drag-shows” she points sufficiently dispute heterosexuality’s claims to naturalness and originality as these create a unified picture of “women” coming out of men’s body.
The relationship between homosexuality and heterosexuality is a relationship that has a long history of being ignored and mishandled. However, whether we accept it or not homosexuality has been a part of the human scene since time immemorial. It is true to Indian culture as any western counterpart. The Mahabharata one of the foremost Hindu epic, reflects the warrior Prince Arjun taking recourse to a homosexual identity, and being called as ‘Brahanlala’ to hide his true identity. Then, why do we see homosexuality as a western import, a threat to Indian civilisation and Indianness? More so, if homosexuals where so despicable then why would have Prince Arjun taken a persona of being one to hide his true self. Then, again why protest against the article 377 as it offers a corrective to heterosexism that bedevils many feminist writings and popular perceptions on gender. The article opens up the field of possibilities for gender without dictating which kinds of possibilities ought to be realised. There is no single gendered way of life that it sets as a model. A secular nation respects and treats all alike allowing all to practice freely there will, unless it harms or threatens the interests of nation at large. So, what harm could it cause if homosexuals choose to forge families of their own? After all they are creations of humanity and equally feel sorrows and pains of life and require companionship and support in times of hardships and old age. More so, the homosexual unions and kinship anterior to biological parentage give primacy to the notion of adoption. Isn’t then homosexuality spelling out something noble? Then why do we regard it as something immoral?
Kanika Kakar is currently, working as an Assistant Professor on adhoc basis at Janki Devi Memorial College, University of Delhi. She has a long experience of teaching undergraduate courses in Sociology in various colleges of the University of Delhi in varied capacities. She is pursued her Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi and has recently, submitted her thesis titled “Tradition, Modernity and Gender in the Globalising Context: A Study of the Weaving Community of Chanderi”. In 2005 she was awarded with M.Phil. degree by the University of Delhi. She is a graduate and post-graduate in Sociology from University of Delhi.
With the egregious rise in the number of farmer deaths in Vidarbha, Maharashtra, the growing number of farm widows has also escalated. When a crisis-hit farmer kills himself, what happens to the family he leaves behind? His widow is further pushed into the debt trap and multiplies her struggle to make ends meet. After a farmer commits suicide, his family needs to fill up a 40 page questionnaire which validates his existence as a ‘legitimate farmer’. In most of the conditions, the government does not pay any money to the family if the suicide was committed out of depression and not loan-debt problem. In the cases that it does pay, Rs 30, 000 is directly paid to the farmer’s widow while Rs 70,000 is preserved in the form of a FD, so that the money cannot be looted by the hungry money-lenders.
For complete article visit- http://feministaa.com/2016/02/25/my-husband-did-not-have-enough-courage-to-face-the-problems-but-i-do-and-i-will-fight/
Beggist mistake Modiji committed that he was able manage deprive congress stutas of opposition. In democracy with parliamentary form government opposition as important as ruling party. Had he recognised UPA as opposition party many of problems we face today would not have arised. Let him learn to respect opposition party and do not dream that he would make congress Mukt, because congress which ruled for more than sixty years can not be wiped out in five years time. Let Modji respect opposition which is UPA and he may turn out be one of the out standing Prime minister like Jawharlal Nehru
More than 80% of population of our country read Newspaper for the sake of knowledge about our country, world and some informative articles. Though style of newspapers has changed in recent times.Newspaper which was made to make people aware about the happenings in their town, city , country or world , slowly started to publish an informational page naming that magazine page.
This so called magazine page consists information other than that of daily news like bollywood actors, actresses, a regular long or short story, some religious information, a new tourist place explored ( Sunday edition), a special page dedicated to kids called kids corner.
Gradually with the passage of time this so called magazine page has started printing advertisements like hair oil, slimmimg medicines, and especially medicines related to sex problems.These kind of advertisements cover more than 60% of area of the page which is made for some other purpose like kids, or religeous or stories.
When we are paying RS.3-4 daily for the newspaper and Rs 1-2 extra for this magazine page, don’t we have the right to read the articles with some healthy information in it?
Either newspaper editors don’t have time to publish good articles or they are simply not interested in quality of articles or interviews published in these magazine pages.Afterall newspapers are the first thing which we came across at the start of the day. And it is still most informative brochure to the places where internet has not reached yet.
No doubt newspapers earn a lot from these kind of advertisements. But they should fix a certain amount of area and that is also the relevant kind of area to print these kind of advertisements. They should concentrate more on the content for which the page is made and customers can get healthy and information and worth of their precious money. Afterall people buy newspaper to read news not advertisements.
Now, the comments or views posted on social media when Team India plays are so much lesser. Only here and there, you find someone – as you walk along the roads – listening to the radio commentary and whereas; earlier, just about every house, shop or eating place resounded with cheers or groans to the TV commentary on the game; it is only again here and there that one finds the game being followed on TV today and the interest definitely not as passionate as it used to be.
While cricket continues to be quite popular in India; its popularity definitely has declined; – and declined significantly. Why so?
Sacred festivals in Asian nation, referred to as melas, square measure an important a part of the Hinduism tradition journey . Celebrating a mythological event within the lifetime of a god or AN auspicious pseudoscience amount, the melas attract huge numbers of pilgrims from everywhere the country. the best of those, the Kumbha Mela, may be a riverside pageant control fourfold each twelve years,
rotating between Allahabad at the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers; Nasik on the Godavari River; Ujjain on the Sipra River; and Hardwar on the Ganges River. Bathing in these rivers throughout the Kumbha Mela is taken into account a shot of nice advantage, cleansing each body and spirit. The Allahabad and Hardwar festivals square measure habitually attended by 5 million or a lot of pilgrims (13 million visited Allahabad in 1977, eighteen million in 1989, and nearly twenty four million in 2001) therefore the Kumbha Mela is that the largest spiritual gathering within the world. It additionally one in every of the oldest.
Hardwar…..when Jupiter is in Aquarius and therefore the Sun is in Aries throughout the Hindu month of Chait (March-April); 1986, 1998, 2010, 2021.
Allahabad…..when Jupiter is in Aries or Taurus and therefore the Sun and Moon area unit in Capricorn throughout the Hindu month of Magh (January-February); 1989, 2001, 2012, 2024.
Nasik…..when Jupiter and therefore the Sun area unit in Leo within the Hindu month of Bhadon (August-September); 1980, 1992, 2003, 2015.
Ujjain…..when Jupiter is in Leo and therefore the Sun is in Aries, or once Jupiter, the Sun, and therefore the Moon area unit in Libra throughout the Hindu month of Vaisakha (April-May); 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016.
Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hsuan Tsang, created a visit to Associate in Nursing Allahabad competition within the seventh century AD whereas within the company of the King Harsavardhana. Tradition associates the ninth century thinker Sankaracharaya with the organization of the Kumbha Mela at Prayaga (Allahabad). Sankaracharaya had established four monasteries within the north, south, east and west of Asian nation, and had known as upon yogis, sadhus Associate in Nursingd sages to fulfill at these sites for an exchange of philosophical views. These sites within the four cardinal directions were separated by nice distances, however, and thus the a lot of centrally situated website of Prayaga became the installation of selection. Indologists speculate that in the ninth to twelfth centuries different monks and spiritual reformers perpetuated this periodic assemblage of sadhus and house owners at sacred places on the banks of holy rivers, so as to make Associate in Nursing surroundings of sympathy amongst completely different spiritual sects. to boot, the competition gave house owners the chance to profit from their association with the unremarkably reclusive sages and forest yogis. What was originally a regional competition at Prayaga so became the superior pan-Indian journey site.
Westerners regularly build judgments while not understanding the mythological, non secular and cultural reasons behind the behavior. whereas it’s on the far side the scope of this essay to debate the topic well, it’s attention-grabbing to focus attention upon the 2 origin myths of the Kumbha Mela competition. Drink of immortality were speculated to have fallen to earth at these sites, and at specific pseudoscience periods the four sites area unit believed to perform as portals into immortality and everlasting union with god. however did such myths arise and what’s the message encoded in them? maybe there’s some energy, some mysterious spirit or power, manifest at these places and times that somehow assists men to a lot of totally expertise religious immortality and divinity. the actual fact that many immeasurable individuals (coming from the foremost Associate in complex philosophical and metaphysical system on earth) have for thousands of years believed this to be true suggests that an impressive power is so gift at the Kumbha Mela sites.
When de facto President is more important than de jure President
The objectionable and provocative slogans shouted during a course of rally on the JNU campus Is deeply condemned. But while everyone is busy blaming JNU of harboring anti-national agendas, the so called nationalists are using the word ‘nationalism’ to wrap the disgraceful acts of violence and rage. The lawyers call themselves nationalists and patriot while they beat everyone they feel are antinational. JNUSU leader Kanhaiya Kumar, despite the instructions from the SC to ensure his safety, was thrashed, and abused in front of Delhi’s Patiala House court. Journalists and students were also beaten up for a reason unclear. These acts of so called nationalism, but in fact hooliganism has not only dishonored their oath but has made India hang its head in shame in front of the whole world. And while Delhi is being turned into a war zone of the so called national and antinational, no one really noticing that it is actually violent patriots who are violating and mocking the Indian constitution and not the silent protesters of JNU student community!
If the lawyers – the ‘officers of law’ had had so much of the grudges on the JNUSU leader kanhaiya kumar, then why not, being the pallbearers of justice, bring about justice by proving him guilty and by following the procedures of Indian penal code of justice. Don’t they have enough proofs? Or are they themselves nonbeliever of penal code? These acts of violence shows their impotency to bring about justice, as they try establish Indian constitution as a poster you spit your tobacco upon.
The clear cut distinction between nationalism and violence is deliberately being decayed into one shameful act of violence and chaos by political and radical leaders like OP Sharma and Sakshi Maharaj, who say traitors deserve to be hanged or shot, giving a verdict of their own before the court session has even started. Why go to court! Let’s hang a big placard on the courts doors saying “out for justice”, and kill everyone you feel like! It seems that some leaders have forgot that this is not Taliban, but India. And their agenda of violence is initiating great deal of public unrest all over the nation. And those who are following these agendas, and who think they can only become patriots by abusing and beating and kicking anti-nationals should rather march over to the POK and show their anger on the border fields, and not show your guts by beating journalists and students. Proud to be an Indian? Trying being human first, because it’s the land of great peoples and not hoodlums.
I disapprove anti nationalism, but I also disapprove violence on the name of nationalism. To the lawyers, I plead, to maintain the decorum of your job, and dignity of the country. Don’t make us feel shame. Please don’t.
Why Women Manage Household Finances Better than Men?
By A/Professor Nattavud Pimpa
Financial management in the household is related to gender issues.
As a principle investigator of a research project on mining and equitable employment by women in two Mekong countries (Lao PDR and Thailand), I spent months in both countries and had learnt various aspects of women and financial management issues.
Although the project aims to investigate consequences of international mining industry on gender, we learn various interesting issues on how women in both countries manage their household finances.
In general, women may not earn as much as men in extractive industry, due to physical and mental limitations from the industry and/or themselves. However, we learn that men from both countries tend to allow their wives to manage the household finances. The interviews with 75 Lao men and women and 54 Thais show some following interesting points:
1) – Women comprehend financial focus better than men: Most women whom we interviewed can easily convey their financial ideas. Most of them are clear about short and long terms expenditures. They always plan for expenditures on food, health and well-being, and education for kids. They know how and what to prioritize when it comes to finance for family.
2) – Women network better than men: I do not generalize this point to the entire population. In the rural communities in Laos and Thailand where we located this research project, we learn that women understand the nature of their community and can connect with other men and women better than their male counterparts. Most networks started informally and subsequently transformed into entrepreneurial culture. In Laos, for example, the focus on food supply chain for the mining corporations and community is a great example of how women can earn extra incomes and become community leaders by networking among each others.
3) – Women’s approaches in finance are different from men: When we examine several microfinance ideas and actions in both communities, we realize that women tend to focus on long-term strategies than their male family members. Almost all women from this study tend to focus on income generation activities that can involve all family and community members, whilst men tend to focus on individual or self-development. For instance, in Thailand, men prefer to spend money on their own farm, land development, and entertainment (including alcohol and gambling), women prefer to spend money on investment for family, group education and training, and food for the family.
4) –Bread wining women involve directly in most family decision-making: Along with earning more, women are also taking control of their family’s finances.They focus on paying bills, voice their opinion on purchasing decision making for family. It is true that women who out-earn their husbands are more likely to involve in all aspects of family decision-making such as education for kids, investment, saving, and purchasing of land or car. The joint decision-making process among men and women can lead to optimal results among family members.
The major obstacles in involving women in the family financial decision making in the mining community include traditional male-dominated ideology in the community, stigmatization of women as passive and incompetent, and myths about women’s ability to manage resources. These points lead to the conclusion that it is important to include women in the management of household finances.
The joint decisions about managing personal finance is to ensure that both men and women take a personal responsibility at every stage of money management and that communication is key to successful planning now and the future.
*Nattavud Pimpa is an associate professor in international business at RMIT University, Australia.
Witch hunting arising out of the recent JNU incident is capable of opening up a pandora’s box; entangling the present central government in unnecessary controversy and wasting its energy. India is big enough and with roots deep enough to take such incidents in its stride and to focus on the most pressing goals of all round peace, prosperity and development.
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Parliamentary system of democracy subverted in India
Visit http://NarainD.blogspot.com to read full article.
During debates in the Constituent Assembly on the system of government the country would adopt, the chief architects of the Constitution made it abundantly clear that though the term ‘parliamentary democracy’ was not mentioned in the Constitution, they were adopting the British parliamentary system of democracy (also known as the Westminster model) and expected that healthy conventions that developed in Britain to ensure the smooth functioning of the unwritten constitution there would also develop in India to take care of what was not put in black and white.
Despite the best intentions of the chief architects of our Constitution, our political leaders including those who were members of the Constituent Assembly decided to Indianise the British model. Over the years our parliamentary democracy has developed its unique features which are unthinkable in Britain and the founding fathers of our constitutional could not have imagined even in their wildest dream.
Phantom is a Super-Hero.
Phantom has saved the lives of thousands of other dogs, mules and horses. With time, the number of dogs, mules and horses he would have saved would climb into millions and more.
This is the real-life story of how he achieved this grandest of feats.
With Bhubaneswar topping the list there are other19 cities who are gearing up to become the #firstSmartCity in the history of India. The basic concept behind the advent of smart city is the use of smarter technology like predictive analytics based on cognitive computing to improve efficiency and create better quality of life.
Sustainable growth and development is the chief driver behind the concept of smart city. The demand and supply equilibrium here strikes a perfect balance for the greater good of its denizens, the state economy and the environment.
Nationalists are persons who by virtue of the sincerity of the feeling they have for humanity at large are able to turn their activities to the betterment of their more familiar and near surroundings that their nation represents, including its defence against any destructive or harmful threat; but, in the same breath, are also able to connect with a warm heart with the global humanity at large.
Nationalism & internationalism – far from having any mutual contradictions – strongly merge and flow into each other.
Reform Islam otherwise terrorists will continue to emerge https://plus.google.com/u/0/+DevendraNarain41/posts
Both as a matter of working and thinking of principles of natural justice as also the reading of human history – both not removed from each other; the concept of secularism seems eminently justified and worthy of entire support.
And secularism is not a concept borrowed from the west. The propaganda that secularism is a concept borrowed from the west has to be shred apart. Secularism, very much to the contrary, is rooted in Indian thought from the very ancient times and has been poised and reflected in the most prestigious repositories of such thought, belief, culture and practice.
India has recently witnessed the advent of 49-year-old Manabi Bandopadhyay, the first transgender Principal at a girl’s college in Kolkata. Since her appointment, she has been receiving several emails from students who want to study in her college, as they feel encouraged and emancipated with the audacious manner in which Bandopadhyay has embraced her sexuality.
Read more at : http://feministaa.com/2016/01/25/the-evolving-identity-of-hijras-in-india/
By Suvit Singhsachakul
Wedding season is once again around the corner: the couples’ nears and dears can be seen haggling with designers at wedding fairs for high fashion at the lowest possible prices (if only all that energy was spent in the gym). My dear brides and grooms, all those designer wear purchases will have been for nothing if your gut and love handles leave you bursting at the seams, literally! This season, Muscala Man offers lovebirds a six months “couple’s therapy” wedding workout plan to lose weight for wedding to help the groom fill his shirvani in all the right places, and the bride expose a midriff to outshine all those sequins on her lehenga!
Interference with matters of religious practice forming arguably the subject matter of a civil code by the State has to be SELECTIVE AND NOT UNIFORM; to be couched and shaped by the degree of objection that any such particular religious practice may invite having regard to secular concepts of justice or propriety.
This inequality needs to be combated and it is possible to do so in a practical and reasonable manner.
On one side is extreme privatisation promoted by capitalists and on the other side lay extreme state monopoly advocated by communists. In between, however, there is space for public and private sector participation which would still place money in the hands of the government instead of all of it going to top business houses, which money would be possible to be put to the betterment of the deprived sections.
Maruti India had started out as a government-suzuki participation and did well. Why can’t such examples be increased ?
4 reasons why Indian politicians do not take sannyas
Log on to NarainD.blogspot.com to find out why our politicians do not want to retire.
India is a country that is being run on an extremely concrete foundation of Indian Culture and traditions. The World knows that how India is growing on its self-created esteem to follow and respect myths and religious history of countless years of this prosperous cultural legacy. India is also moving forward on its customs as other countries of the world are doing, but India is known for consistent and peaceful traditions that are able to attract anyone from any region on this globe.
Indian people are also keeping their traditions alive and it can be seen easily on the entertainment sector as well. Indian entertainment programs are also keeping this recognized content alive by its several serials and movies presenting almost regularly for the Indian myths lovers around the world. We can say it is the responsibility of media and entertainment agencies to keep this content alive, but the matter is that is the new generation of Indians eager enough to understand and believe in the customs and mythologies of rich and one of the most prosperous Indian culture and tradition on this earth.
There is every Indian entertainment channel is providing mythological content to aware the new generation with facts and historic events regarding Indian culture (that has been honoured by historians of the world). Let’s have an example to understand this direction.
Krishnadasi is one of the freshest and unique stories going to present on Colors by Vipul Shah’s Optimystix Entertainment that is to show another mythological story of a girl that shows her extreme devotion for Lord Krishna and it will definitely go to be popular on Indian TV channels in Singapore and Malaysia as well.
Our mythological characters belong to highly ideal and respected life paths and our new generation will like them due to the honest and specific life examples what they did to keep respect and honour alive without any stain upon. This generation understands facts and proofs they don’t like to engage in an emotional stream, so, as this Krishnadasi serial is going to reach worldwide viewers through Indian TV live in Malaysia and Singapore and rest parts of the world where Indians are, to reach them wherever they are.
That is why most Indian families will be influenced and aware again with mythological characters like Krishnadasi and will know how a human being becomes an idol for us. They pay high values and dedication to perform a live example; they sacrifice even their own identity only for keeping the respect of their pure love and devotion. It is not so easy as to watch TV programs to set a whole life as an example for humanity.
Krishnadasi can show the honour and pride to sacrifice whole existence towards the great Lord and no expectation alive as a return from. It is going to show just love and devote you for the greatness of God and he will bless you with all the prosperity that will immortal and keep it with your name forever.
In a report published on May 16, 2015, Sunrisers Hyderabad coach Tom Moody has expressed unhappiness at the way the target for Royal Challengers Bangalore was revised under the Duckworth/Lewis method in their rain-interrupted IPL cricket match and said that the system ‘needs to be looked at’. Moody is still disillusioned how D/L method comes up with the numbers that they come up with. V Jayadevan reviews the changes made in the D/L method and feels to the extent that the revised method is equally defective. The VJD method brings out the ‘phases’ of runs scoring as divided between certain overs in the full 20 or 50 over match. But, it would be better to attempt the partition of 90 runs. This would make the live scorecard data behave like ‘remainders’. Each batsman’s scoring can be picked out individually then, and use it for target resetting in case the match is hampered by rain, the overs have been reduced.
Till the end of August 2012, the D/L method has been used in 189 T20 matches, of which 181 have produced a result. Of these, 90 have been won by Team 1, 84 by Team 2 and 7 have been tied. But, in most of the matches, the target is mathematically off track, they are not congruent to the batsman’s scoring sample. Congruence is the most vital thing need in any/each kind of equation.
The incidence of cricket match interrupted due to rains are increasing over the years, so the matter is serious. Duckworth and Lewis have collected the T20 data, ODI data related with International matches only, leaving out the domestic t20 series which are over 500 in count every year. They are reluctant in incorporating the data of domestic t20 cups, namely, the Indian Premier League, Ram Slam challenge, Big Bash, Bangladesh Premier League, Haier Cup, Caribbean Premier League and others. But at the same time, enforcing their D/L target on these matches too.
The cricket community is feeling the need for a correction, few changes in the D/L method. Nobody has yet come out with a single solution, common to t20 data and ODI data, feeling that a ‘single’ solution is not possible. It is not so, a simple research tells us that an integer partition of the form ‘90n + 30’ is common to t20 and ODI data, it has been presented in this paper.
And further, this paper traces similar kind of ‘integer partition’ in all the cricket scores with 90n acting as the anchor points. Then, in the next section, which is the core of our methodology, we re-group the data in the live scorecard, add the balls faced count to the runs count of each wicket batsman. Through this we establish an indisputable existence of linear congruence between the batsman’s data and the team total score. Immediately follows the mathematical suggestions to the D/L method. The paper further explains in details point wise modifications to various aspects of the method. These integer based suggestions have been developed to be presented for consideration by the ICC review committee.
IPL 2016 is nearing, this can be the perfect platform to get involved with these congruences checks, testing the winning method based of the first innings total, and of course the target resetting in the correct manner.
Etiquette, according to Oxford Dictionary, is the customary code of polite behaviour in society or among members of a particular profession or group. Etiquettes are acquired via constant and conscious learning of decent behaviour. There are different etiquettes which ought to be followed at discrete places, from social etiquettes to business etiquettes and computer etiquettes to office etiquettes. No need to mention that good manners are always appreciated and help you makes your way towards success. Adequate etiquettes in business scenario are of immense importance as well. They are potential enough to get you your dream job, appraisals, promotions and build healthy relationships with your peers. So, today we are going to tell you about few basic email etiquettes relevant in business perspective as suggested by trainers of TechRel Technologies.
Be strictly professional while sending your emails. It is important how you use your official email id. Avoid sending jokes, chain letters, forwards or any other unofficial mail to your co-workers or friends. Your activities are continuously monitored and professionalism is expected out of you.
The subject field is the window to your email and it helps receiver determine that if your mail is worthy of his or her time. Try to keep the subject of your email short, crisp and to the point. It should clearly depict the purpose behind your mail. Avoid typos, all caps or all small case; it gives an impression of unprofessionalism.
Do not forget to use Hello, Hi, Good Day, Thank you, Sincerely, Best Regards in your mails. All these intros and sign offs are basic staples of professional business e-mail communications. Always include a salutation and sign-off that includes your name with every e-mail you send.
Show common courtesy while communicating via mail. Type in full sentences with proper sentence formation. Appropriate punctuation and capitalization are must. You are an educated professional and expected to behave like one. All caps or all small case smacks of either lack of education, technology savvy or worse, laziness.
TechRel Consultancy Pune offers training and workshops for corporations and large organizations to foster personality development of their employees.Email Etiquettes is one of the programmes offered.
The question now – occupying considerable public debate and discussion in the aftermath of the Pathankot terrorist attack – is what should be India’s reaction and policy towards Pakistan now?
Quite a few from the Indian citizenry seem to be in favour of undertaking military action against Pakistan; while another quarter would like the peace initiative to grow.
Way back in nineties, around one lakh people were able to log on to Internet globally. As of now, millions of people are hooked up to surf the net. This is a cause to express criminal tendencies than before. In a way, cyber space creates moral, civil and criminal wrongs. As you may know, crime is no way limited to a group of people, space or time. The law is as tough as its enforcement. Legal provisions must provide assurance to its users and empowerment to law enforcement agencies. Success in any field of human activity can bring crime.
Even now many IT professionals lack awareness and interest in cyber defamation in India. Interestingly law enforcement officers have lacked the tools to fix the problem. There are only a few court precedents for the officers to look for guidance. Everything is in a mess up in this field. Old laws didn’t fit for the crimes being committed now. Moreover, privacy issues are a hindrance to gather the evidence in order to prosecute the new cases. There is a need of cooperation among the law enforcement agencies and IT professionals.
The first step is to sort all the acts that can be considered as cybercrimes into organized categories for specifically defining individual cybercrimes. This unity can bring the Internet users to a safer side and crimes can be reduced. You can find out more information about cyber defamation and resolutions here: http://www.pathlegal.in/cybercrimecell/cyber_defamation.php
Those who are dreaming PM post must understand that till you not thinking about the country and prove yourself in states – you do not qualify even in dreams. As those who are barking on Modi must be aware that when Modi Govt would choose to attack on terrorist camps within pakistan these so called secular parties and leaders and journalist media channels would knee down becoz of their minority vote banks.
If they are keen to fight these terrorist attacks – they must give memorandum duly signed and permission to President and PM that they will abide by all the consequences of these attack. as earlier during Atal Ji regime these so called secular parties and leaders has sucked their words and didn’t allow Atal ji to take revenge of Kargil war.
Congress and SP, Laloo has made jokes of Atalji in baised and in corrupt media 24/7. Modi ji you must take memorandum from all the party leader duly signed and with permission to attack on terrorist camp in Pakistan. So that they can not deny later on becoz of vote bank politics.
The war is not just on the frontiers or that involving terrorists.
In fact, a far, far greater, uglier, much more reprehensible and heinous war – a largely uncontested war where the aggressors rule the roost – is taking place in the streets and roads, villages, houses, public places and slums of India. This is where girls – even babies – and women are so numerously and repeatedly molested, raped and harassed to an unimaginable extent.
National Security Guards (NSG) is supposedly the outfit with particular specialisation for counter-terrorist operations. How does NSG keep itself abreast of the latest techniques, strategies, trainings, weaponry and devices at global level?
NSG is headed by the director-general, who comes from the IPS. The average tenure of all the director-generals of NSG has been just over a year. None of these director-generals heading the NSG & coming from the IPS have ever been a part of any action group of the NSG. Are such heads of the NSG the right persons to lead premier counter-terrorist outfits then?
#AAP ‘s battle with #BJP, #Censor board’s battle with us to make us sanskari, #BCCIfinally getting rid of #Srinivasan and hopefully corruption, Cow’s emergence as the next best candidate for the post of national animal, #rahul gandhi’s return to politics, #Obama visit to #India as chief guest on our Republic Day, BJP’s failed political campaign in Bihar, Indian Judiciary’s Santa act and finally, the refugees of #Syria turning into citizens of no country complete our list of 10 noteworthy news/events from 2015.
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10 Programmes Prime Minister Modi may consider in 2016.
Read full article on NarainD.blogspot.com.
It is unfortunate when a common man makes a complaint to police against powerful builders, police make use of those complaints for their own gains. When after a lot of hassle with the court order an FIR is registered, the same corrupt police officers investigate the compalint themselves or do not action at all as police work for the powerful builders and not for the common man.
Animal sacrifice is a process to satisfy Gods from some materialistic aspect. As per the belief, one’s wish has been fulfilled by the grace of God, so he is giving one life or two or more lives to the God in return. Here those lives are evaluated as materials like other offerings; such as costly metals, stones, foods and in all the cases, the weak and harmless lives are sacrificed in terms of these votive offerings (mannat). Here Gods are neither worshiped for the spiritual upliftment of the people, nor for any other abstract philosophical concept, but were invoked to grant material gains.
Sacrifice is a very painful sight and heinous activity performed by some humans, to kill innocents insensitively in the name of God.
All the Sunlight that Earth Receives is not directly from Sun, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 11, November 2015, 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0411050 http://www.ijirset.com/upload/2015/november/50_6_All_the.pdf
Discovery of Padmanabha Rao Effect controlling planetary temperatures, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 12, December 2015, 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.04121292.
Today (25 Dec, 2015), Modi is in Pakistan to meet Nawaz Sharif, en-route to India from Afghanistan. This has come from his twit as a ‘surprise’! Incidentally, the foreign officials have been meeting in 3rd countries quietly. This was followed by Shushama Swaraj’s visit!
What has spurted these gestures to our arch enemy, whom same people, while in opposition, threatened to destroy? Even RSS called Pak as younger brother and when on an official visit, LK Advani had praised MA Jinna!
Its not that the previous government of Congress was against such visits, while they were in government, but now they are criticising Modi! Nawaz Sharif, on his part, has advised his leaders to talk minimum against India!!
Not out of context to point out Shiv Sena and few other regional parties, who survive on “agriculture of hatred” between various religions and national chauvinism, shout at top of their voice against Cricket tournaments between the two countries and even send some paid goons to create chaos in these functions and our law is incapacitated against them!
Yes, there is business interest of Adani in Pakistan, even though we are with limited electricity, wants to supply and the gas pipeline from Iran or Turkmenistan, via Pakistan to India is good proposition, but that talk is since long! The firing across the boarder is with full vigour and soldiers of both countries are dying at regular interval!
Has everything changed, just because Modi is PM now? Or is there something more to it? Is USA behind such moves? Is this part of a bigger plot, geo-politics, bringing Pak from China nexus into that of Indo-USA-Japan-NATO one to surround China?
Are we a simple puppets in hands of imperialism economically (FDI), politically (Nepal policy), militarily? Do the working class, peasants understand this or busy in day to day survival management and even beyond ‘our’ grasp, as it is the job of our rulers to take care of our foreign policy?
the upper hand
By Vivek Sharma
There is no need to dissociate consultation from consent as far constitutional technicalities are concerned. In a democratic set- up, consultation is necessarily a process to reach consent. In that light, some bloggers have erroneously synonymised consent with permission or approval in connection with the Article 124 (2) of the constitution.
Consultation and consent are part of a cohesive, participative process to reach an indisputable agreement on an issue. As far as the above article is concerned, the President is the final authority of judges’ appointment despite the fact that he is required to hold consultations with the chief justice of India in such matters. Here consultation is the process of discussing the background, qualification and leanings of a judge with the chief justice of India and not to seek his consent! It is a matter of common sense that the President wouldn’t know how competent and technically qualified is a person nominated for appointment as a judge and hence he holds consultation with the chief justice of India. The latter in turn provides him with the required inputs about the persons concerned. Of course, technically the CJI plays the role of an adviser in such issues and not a dictating administrator. However, as the article 124(2) of the constitution clearly gives the President an upper hand in the matters of judges’ appointment, he can turn down any suggestion by the CJI if he is not convinced. That is what gives him more constitutional powers than the CJI.
Article 124 (2) says:
Every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as the President may deem necessary for the purpose and shall hold office until he attains the age of sixty five years: Provided that in the case of appointment of a Judge other than the chief Justice, the chief Justice of India shall always be consulted:
It is clear from the constitutional fathers’ language that the judges will be appointed by the President. This is the primary statement. The secondary statement, or the clause, as we call it, in a way gives a direction to the President as to how he shall go about it—through consultation with the CJI.
You may consult a doctor and seek his advice about a treatment of an ailment. But, you retain the choice of rejecting it if you find it against common prudence. This power of rejection comes inbuilt for the President, who is the highest executive authority in India. Anybody who has the power of rejection, has more say in a matter than the advisers. In the President’s case, the CJI is no better than an adviser who gives a number of option to the President. Jurisprudence says the higher the options, the higher shall have the power of rejection. On the other way round, the limited options reduces the power accordingly. However, in the case of few options, the President can ask for more names in order to exercise his power of rejection. Consent is a consequent of consultations with the CJI, who goes to the President with options.
The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act was rejected by a constitutional bench on October 15 as it amounted to weaken the constitutional power of the President and hence the 99th Constitution Amendment Act was struck down. Constitutional amendments are meant to clarify the application of an Article and turn it redundant.
The New Year 2016 is two weeks left. As time flies so fast, it allows everyone to make a thorough evaluation towards oneself. The year 2015 has left lots of memories for everyone, whether they are sad or happy memories. The first day in 2016 should be started with the evaluation of the previous mistakes that anyone might have made, while accomplishing new year plans that everyone should have made before the end of the 2015. Those are the most important thing to do, regardless of different ways in celebrating New Year among people of various nationalities.
For most Indian people especially the ones who still maintain their tradition, New Year plans mean celebrating the Saka New Year by attending holy ceremonies in some sacred places. They have to spend a day by fasting and doing some meditation within a very silent place, with the use of low light within the house. They are not allowed to do any activity at all, even working. But, some Indian people, who live in the USA, usually also have some common new year plans by attending music shows, theaters, or joining some New Year celebrations in many entertainment venues, even if they still celebrate the Saka New Year, as the religion has obliged.
There is no shortage of celebrations in welcoming the first of January 2016 in the USA. But, not all Indian people are interested in spending the last night of 2015, outside their homes. They prefer to watch new year celebrations in India, as they might want to recall their days on their homeland. India is a huge nation with so many worth visiting places. There are endless options of amazing venues, whether they offer tranquil ambiances or bustling surroundings.
Online TV is the main source for Indian people in USA, to watch New Year celebrations in India. Among the most popular places for celebrating the New Year that online TV always broadcasts in new year’s eve is Mumbai, thanks to its lively night cafés whether they are located within five-star hotels of Mumbai main roads street live music, beach dancing and many more. Goa is also another excellent option to join lively activities from beach dancing, live games and watching fireworks or even sea cruising! Many Indian television stations broadcast those events, so Indian people in USA can also enjoy the winsome celebrations, as if they are in India.
Yet, Online TV also shows some magnificent places that offer total tranquil surroundings for those, who want to celebrate New Year in India in serene places like in Wayanad or Havelock. Online TV provides full coverage of activities in those areas, like staying in tree houses, jungle tracking, and other challenging outdoor adventures. So, Indian people in the USA will never feel lonely, even if they miss their country by only subscribing to Online TV.
Arvind Kejriwal the politician comes out in his true colour
Delhi Chief Minister’s outburst against Prime Minister Modi and Finance Minister Arun Jaitely in a highly abusive language after his Principal Secretary was raided by the CBI, reminds me of a folk tale (with some modification I will mention later), perhaps one of the Akbar-Birbal stories, I had heard in my childhood and I am sure several readers also must have heard. The story is that a very learned person came to spend some time in the emperor’s court. He could converse in several languages so naturally that nobody was able to find out his mother tongue. Birbal offered to solve the mystery. One day while engaging the scholar in intense conversation, Birbal pushed him fromstaircase. The scholar fell down and got hurt. In a fit of anger, he started abusing Birbal in his mother tongue.
Read full story on NarainD.blogspot.com.
When Nehru commenced the Space research program for India; the situation was not that dissimilar. Amongst others, it was touted as “needless expenditure”. But today, thanks to Nehru; India has a say and a sound place in space research & is putting satellites of a number of developed countries in orbit !!
THE BACKLOG OF CASES IN OUR COURTS IS THUNDEROUS. AND THE BACKLOGS ARE GOING TO INCREASE EVEN IF THE NUMBER OF COURTS ETC ARE INCREASED. A SOCIETY WITHOUT A PROPERLY WORKING JUSTICE-DELIVERY SYSTEM SPELLS DIRE PERIL FOR ITS INNOCENTS & COMMONS. THE JURY SYSTEM – A BASTION OF JUSTICE DELIVERY SYSTEM IN DEVELOPED JURISDICTIONS – HAS TO BE INTRODUCED.
THIS DEFINITION REQUIRES CAREFUL READING. IT COVERS CASES SUCH AS ASSASSINATION OF GANDHI & ACTS OF VIOLENCE ON THE ISSUE WHETHER THEY WERE TERRORIST ACTS OR NOT, APART FROM ACTS OF AGGRESSION AT NATION-SCALE.
I recently returned from USA (for good) and came back to Pune. Below are the troubling scenarios I noticed –
a) All Major cities/Towns in India are converted to Concrete Jungles.
It seems to me that Builders, Politicians, Banks and Govt Personnel colluded and created/contributed to Realestate hype. Builders are converting fertile Lands, Dried Lakes, (even hills are destroyed) into huge apartments.
This deeply hurts Mother Nature and invoking the wrath of her in the form of floods, earth quakes and pollution.
b) Apartment prices in Indian Cirties are 2-10 times higher than well planned houses in USA/europe and other developed countries
Builders are quoting any where between 1 crore to 9 crores to buy a decent sized 3 BHK (or larger) apartment. These apartments are surrounded by Dogs (and other animals), have poor ventilation coupled with water scarcity. Also there is very less space between apartments (they share comon walls and terrace areas in most of the cases) with no concern for privacy.
For the same price, a person can buy an invidual house in an acre plot that comes up with Basement, Garage and 3000 – 6000sqft of carpet area with all amenities like Ktichen cabinets, Washer, Dryer, Airconditioning and Heating. All these houses come in a well maintained secured Housing Socities that are free of air/noise pollution.
So buying a house is not lucrative for NRIs anymore.
c) Only People with lot of black money and NRIs can afford the apartment prices
Apartment prices are so ridiculously expensive and they cater only to corrupt people or NRIs abroad. Strangely, most of the apartments are not occupied or rented out – but still real estate prices are only going up.
A common hard working person can never afford to buy a decent home. That means these real estate people do not want to make ordinary Indians (or least care) to own a home and lead a simple/happy life.
I do not know how ignoring the majority of the 1.2 bilion population and catering only to few high profile corrupt wealthy people can help Realestate and India?
d) Builders are resorting to all kinds of false advertisements
Most of the apartments are quoting buzz words like eco-friendly, luxury etc. If you are a scientist or a research enthusiast then you can easily laugh at these since the selers do not know what actually eco-friendliness means? Also, if you live in a Individual House/apartment abroad, you will know the term luxury is grossly misused.
e) Builders are rising the home prices even if there are no buyers
Though Demand exists, affordability of buyers does not seem to exist in current market. However, builders keep rising property prices setting false sense of hope in the country. Honest home owners have fallen into a trap that their home which they might have bought for 12-20 lakhs five years ago will fetch crores of rupees
f) Rent prices, interest prices does not match the Home value
In all the countries, rental price for a house will fetch more than the regular interest price of the house value.
However in India –
If an apartment price is one crore – you may hardly get 23k to 35 k per month as rent. Where as if you put the same amount of money in a Bank, you get atleast 90k to one lakh per month as interest.
Only in India – the above false economics is surviving floating all rules of simple math, science, finance and most importantly the common sense.
Overall, the above causes a severe financial breakdown to Indian economy. One remedy (most people may laugh at me) I can think of is –
If you are planning to buy an apartment ask for 50-60% reduction. We will be ridiculed initially. However, if every buyer does that – these builders and home owners will eventually come down.
The baove wil help common Indians and Indian economy.
AM I DREAMING?
सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
रात पर भी सुबह की किरणों का पहरा होता,
सोचो फिर कैसा होता, सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
एक कोने साँझ होती, एक कोने रात होती।
गले मिलते धुप-छाँव, एक शहर और एक गाँव,
एक इधर, एक उधर पाँव…
सोचो फिर कैसा होता, सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
चलते हम बादल के ऊपर, ज़मीं पर हम तैरते,
लाख सरहद हमको रोके, हम कहीं न ठहरते।
फैला के पंख, उड़ जाते, हम अगर सागर में तो,
सोचो फिर कैसा होता, सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
खुशियाँ ही खुशियाँ होतीं, ग़म में भी हँसते हम,
आंसुओं को बना मोती, जेब में गर रखते हम,
सोचो फिर कैसा होता, सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
अंधों को भी रंग दिखते, बहरे भी सुनते ग़ज़ल,
तारे जमीं पर टिमटिमाते, बादलों पर खिलते कँवल.
सोचो फिर कैसा होता, सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
स्वर्ग पर इंसान रहते, और ख़ुदा ज़मीन पर…
सोचो फिर कैसा होता,
सोचो गर ऐसा होता…
On Wednesday, a special event at the United Nations will mark 40 years since the historic speech by Israel’s then president, Chaim Herzog, in which he repudiated UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 – the ‘Zionism is Racism’ resolution – and symbolically tore it up before the assembly. The event will take place at the invitation of Yad Chaim Herzog and the Israeli mission at the UN together with members of the Herzog family, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and other guests. Below is the text of the speech.
Very often, I get emails from strangers who have read one of the many things I’ve written over the years for the Huffington Post on the fate of the Church in America.
I got another email again yesterday. This time, the inquirer, himself a writer himself for a major religious publication, wanted to know whether I thought the Church in all its communal expressions would have a brighter and more hopeful future than it appears today
Medieval Christians were obsessed with the Song of Songs. No book of the Bible received such intensely devoted attention in commentary and preaching. Bernard of Clairvaux preached eighty-six homilies on the Song and died just as he was getting started on chapter 3. The Song has a much-diminished place in the modern Christian imagination. The time is far past to reverse that trend, but it is worth reversing only if the Song is recovered as allegory.
Christians today often read the Song as lusty celebration of sex. Some try to wipe away the prudish poetry to peep at the sex acts of Solomon and his Shulammite. Such an approach simply projects contemporary obsessions into an ancient text. It assumes that we already know what real sex is. We have outgrown romance and now know that sex is no more than a clash of bodies and an exchange of fluids. There is no magic, no mystery, only friction, only technique. Reading the Song as disguised pornography reinforces and sacralizes the sexual confusions of our age.
The Indian democracy is young, very young. But it seems to have been kicked started ino adulthood as the recent return of awards seems to indicate.
Recently, again an accused is awarded a death sentence by a Mumbai Sessions Court “for raping and killing the techie, under IPC Section 302 (murder), Section 376 (rape) and Section 201 (causing disappearance of evidence of offence)”; terming it as the ‘rarest of rare’ cases. I am unable to understand the exact application of what the ‘Rarest of Rare’ doctrine is and how it is applied each time. The doctrine ‘Rarest of Rare’ was first articulated in 1980 in the Bachan Singh case. Then in 2008, the Supreme Court judges, in the Prajeet Kumar Singh
vs. State of Bihar, had ruled exactly on what would a rarest of rare case constitute. Court said that a death sentence would be awarded only, “when a murder is committed in an extremely brutal, grotesque, diabolical, revolting or dastardly manner so as to arouse intense and extreme indignation of the community”. There is no statutory definition of what rarest of rare means but the controversy to this doctrine arises each time the Court awards death penalty and the debates go on and on. There are a number of cases in which the crime is same but the punishment differs. There are judgments in which the accused has committed either rape or murder and has been awarded death penalty but also there are cases in which the accused has committed rape as well as murder but then also he has not been awarded death penalty. It is hard for me to find out what led to the variation in punishment in such cases. Is it the ‘Crime’ or the ‘Criminal’ or the ‘Judge’? Bachan Singh considered all the circumstances relating both to the criminal and the crime, whereas Machhi Singh vs. State of Punjab focused only on the crime and not the criminal. What makes the Judge to decide whether the case falls within the rarest of rare case? Does the age of the victim cold be a deciding factor to make such categorisation of sentence or not? Because in one case the Bombay High Court confirmed a double-life and double-death sentence for rape and murder of a 2 year old girl; whereas in Mohd. Chaman vs. State (NCT of Delhi), the Supreme Court commuted the death sentence for rape and murder of a 1 year and 6 months old girl to life sentence. Also there are different assumptions of this doctrine as to when the collective conscience of society is shocked; which differs from judge to judge.
I do not want to go into the issue under Article 21 that, “Does death penalty violates the fundamental right of ‘Right to Life”? The judgments relating to Arbitrariness in sentencing the person to life imprisonment or to death sentence in similar crimes is, according to me, violating the Right to equal protection of the laws guaranteed under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. Reasonable discrimination among the citizens can only be made by the State by passing a proper law but here judiciary has stepped in to take this burden on its own shoulder, which is leading a very subjective interpretation of the doctrine created by it.
With the time, the doctrine which was supposed to be a principle based doctrine has now turned into a Judge-centric doctrine. If Judiciary still wants to keep this doctrine then they need to ascertain specific elements and circumstances on the basis of which the doctrine would completely rest. I feel that it is high time for the legislature to step in and clear the fog surrounding this doctrine because judiciary is giving a lot of subjective interpretation and in the course of that it is formulating itself as a “Super-legislative”.
Jindal Global Law School
The common use of internet has also given a new face to the crime and also a new medium to the bad elements to commit crime. Cyber defamation is a new concept but the traditional definition of the term is defamation of a person through a new and a potential medium. The term defamation is used to define the injury that incurred to the reputation of a person in the eyes of a third person. The so called injury can be done by verbally or written, or by signs or visible representations. The intention of the person, making the defamatory statement against whom, must be to lower the reputation of that person in the eyes of the general public.
Cyber law is the law that governs the crimes committed within the cyberspace. Cyberspace is a technical term used for the electronic medium of computer networks, in which online communication takes place. The crimes that are committed by using the computer fall within the definition of cyber crime. Cyber Defamation is also a cyber crime. Penalties for this crime vary from country to country. Stopping or addressing defamation can be difficult. If the person has no serious resentment, then a cease and discontinue letter may stop the behavior and get the statements removed from the Internet. On the other hand, if the person is acting out of meanness, it may be necessary to file a report with the police depending on local law. INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860 contains provisions to deal with the menace of Cyber defamation in India.
You can get more information about Cyber defamation in India in the above mentioned link.
Scientists have developed a highly sensitive camera that can photograph and film methane in the air, providing a new way to measure and monitor greenhouse gases.
There are several questions surrounding the powerful greenhouse gas methane. Its rapid but irregular increase in the atmosphere has puzzled researchers.
There is also a high degree of uncertainty with regard to the sources and sinks of methane in the landscape.
The new camera developed by Linkoping University and Stockholm University in Sweden can help to address these issues.
“The camera is very sensitive, which means that the methane is both visible and measurable close to ground level, with much higher resolution than previously. Being able to measure on a small scale is crucial,” said Magnus Galfalk, Assistant Professor at the Linkoping University, who led the study.
The advanced hyperspectral infrared camera weighs 35 kilogrammes and measures 50x45x25 centimetres. It is optimised to measure the same radiation that methane absorbs and which makes methane such a powerful greenhouse gas.
The camera can be used to measure emissions from many environments including sewage sludge deposits, combustion processes, animal husbandry and lakes.
For each pixel in the image the camera records a high-resolution spectrum, which makes it possible to quantify the methane separately from the other gases.
“This gives us new possibilities for mapping and monitoring methane sources and sinks, and it will help us understand how methane emissions are regulated and how we can reduce emissions,” said principal investigator David Bastviken, professor at Linkoping University.
“So far the camera has been used from the ground and now we’re working to make it airborne for more large-scale methane mapping,” said Bastviken.
As you may know, cheque is a negotiable instrument. The issuance of cheque can be the reason for securing proof of payment. Crossed and account payee cheques are not negotiable by any person other than the payee. It has to be deposited into his bank account. Always issue crossed ‘Account Payee Only’ cheques in order to be in safer side. It may be better to date the cheque invariably. A cheque is valid for six months only, from the date mentioned in the cheque for payment. After the period of six months, that cheque may be called as a ‘stale cheque’. Blank cheques are not advisable.
In India, Cheque bounce is a criminal offence. In case, if the cheque get bounced, send a demand notice to the party who wrote the cheque, threatening to initiate proceedings if the amount due is not paid. It must be sent within 30 days from the date you found out that the cheque has bounced. There is no prescribed format for this notice. The purpose of this notice is to demand payment and inform the issuer that if payment is not made within 15 days, he/ she will be prosecuted. The threat of prosecution can often work its magic and result in prompt settlement.
If the issuer makes payment of the cheque amount within fifteen days from the date of receipt of the notice, then he/she does not commit any offence. The complaint by the payee becomes barred by limitation of time, if fails to file within thirty days, the jurisdictional magistrate court may refuse to entertain such a belated complaint. But if the payee justifies the delay with sufficient reasons, he may make an application before the magistrate along with the complaint and seek condoning of delay. Perception of the complaint may be taken if the Court is satisfied that the payee had sufficient reasons for delay in filing the complaint within the prescribed period. Must consult a well versed lawyer in this field.
You can get more information about Cheque bounce in India in the above mentioned link.
Will any intellectual reply to a starving Indian’s questions?
Visit NarainD.blogspot.com for full story.
Do you think about the repercussions of what you share on social media? It can have consequences far beyond what you can imagine.
Renowned painter, humanitarian, and actor Salman Khan will be conferred with the prestigious Gyanpeeth award for his contribution to contemporary Twitter literature, the Times of India group announced today at a joint press conference with Ministry of Culture.
Religion has been made a matter of politics over years. This time it is Sikhism which finds itself at the epicentre of the same. The entire debate over Punjab Blockade has been grossly politicized with divergent opinions coming from different segment of masses.
In a nation of billions practising various religions, some people tend to misuse it. People use religion as a weapon to hurt religious sentiments of others and cause mass unrest in the country. Latest example being the Punjab Unrest which somehow brings back the bad memories of 1984. The era of 1984 is seen as the darkest period in the history of Punjab.
In 1973 when Akali Dal and some other Sikh organisation passed a resolution for independent country for Sikhs, the central government denied this request and dissolved the then Punjab government. The Sikh organization, disappointed with the actions of the central government, decided to take up violence to get heard. The era saw killing of thousands of Hindus living in Punjab. Followed these killing was the blue star operation in 1984 which saw military forces marching in the Golden Temple at Amritsar, this operation followed killing various Sikhs militants. These killings spread a mass anger amongst the Sikh community which saw the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her own Sikh Bodyguards. The assassination was followed by killing of Sikhs by Hindu radical groups.
Era of 1984 saw violation of various fundamental rights given to the citizen by the Indian constitution. Article 25 which provides freedom of religion was used in an inappropriate manner by various Sikhs and provoking groups who killed thousands of innocents just in the name of religion. These killings followed violation of article 19 which guarantees various freedom rights and article 21 which provides with right to life.
Today the situation in Punjab reminds people of the era of 1984 which might burn the state again if not controlled. The events of mass protests began in the state when a religious faction publicly desecrated the Sikh holy book of Guru Granth Sahib. Article 25 protects the Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. Desecrating of the holy books was disrespect towards the religion as Sikhs are sole worshipers of the holy book and the same act violates the right conferred under article 25. Sikhs responded by organizing protests and demanded that those responsible should be arrested. The Police arrested few suspects but even after that torn pages of the holy book were found in various districts of Punjab.
People who are using highways in the state are not allowed to travel for hours as the highways were being blocked by the protestors. Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India which is conferred to the citizens by the Indian constitution under Article 19(1)(d) was violated. The method of protests used by Sikhs was wrong as to claim their rights, they violated rights of majority.
State government gave Police the charge of controlling these protests but these protests were marred when police opened fire on the protestors. Sikhs who protested exercising their right of freedom of expression given under article 19 (1) (a), violating this right police replied with a disproportionately and unnecessarily violent manner. This firing left behind few killed and many injured. The government responded by calling in the Indian Army and ordering a media blackout. Killing of protestors by police firing was violation of right to life protected under article 21. State which is responsible for the protection of the life of its citizen was responsible for killing them.
Currently in Punjab, the state government has ordered a media blackout, which has resulted in multihued rumours being spread in the state with no reasonable source of information available with the public. As media is not allowed to cover any matter of the state, it has caused mass chaos. In the case of Union of India v. Association of Democratic Reforms (2002) 5 SCC 294, the Hon’ble Apex court said “ one sided information, disinformation, misinformation and non information, all equally create an uninformed citizenry which makes democracy a farce.” Article 19 (1) (a) of the media was violated as they are not allow to publish any information and express their views in relation to the situation in Punjab.
It is the failure on the part of government machinery as it is unable to fulfil its constitutional obligation to protect the lives and properties of its citizenry. It is a need of an hour that government should take serious action against those who are disrupting the peace and harmony of the state. Religious violence is never beneficial for any religion as this violence only leaves behind aggrieved families. The state shall compensate people who have suffered in these events and should allow media coverage. Media coverage is important as the public will be made aware of the actions taken by government so that no rumours disrupt the state again. The government should make sure that peace is restored and situation like 1984 does not arise ‘again’.
Jindal Global Law School
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Recently print as well as electronic media showed “crusader against corruption” Arvind Kejriwal hugging fodder scam convict Lalu Yadav during Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar’s oath taking ceremony.
Did it shock you? Did it surprise you?
Well, I was neither shocked nor surprised. Please read two of several articles I have written on Arwind Kejriwal.
(1) Aam Adami Party’s “anti-corruption” is a corrupt business, uploaded on NarainD.blogspot.com on February 4, 2015.
(2) Why did Kejriwal resign in February 2014? This was written under a pen name soon after the resignation on Arvind Kejriwal in early 2014 and was originally published by newsmoble.in. Later I uploaded in on NarainD.blogspot.com.
Both are reproduced for your perusal. Visit NarainD.blogspot.com.
Meet the real pioneers of Narendra Modi’s ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’
Common Civil Code : the Only Effective Way to Keep Peace in a Diverse Society
India today is suffering from a great crisis in terms of management of minorities. Each section demands more and more freedoms and rights, while giving nothing in return to the country itself. Each respective government has followed the policy of appeasement for the sake of votes and as a result the problem has come to a point that the majority has to suffer so that minorities are happy. Is there an easy solution to this problem? If we look around at other nations, we can get our answer. In fact if we look into our own ancient history, we still get the same answer.
First let us look at how other nations around the world manage their minorities. In most countries of the middle-east, Sharia is the law, and in accordance with that only the Muslims are the first-class citizens with any civil rights, everyone else is a second-class citizen. They are welcome as long as they fulfill their work-quotas and don’t mess with the social laws, the moment they do, they receive severe punishment, ranging from public whipping, arrest, hanging or deportation. Some cases come to light, most are not even made public. But the truth of the matter is that in this manner they are able to efficiently run their country without any disruption to the life of the locals.
Among the western countries, once again the rules are strict for the immigrants. They have to follow the same civil code as the rest of the society, they cannot claim, ‘oh, I come from a different background, where customs of society are different and thus you have to let me follow them’. No, that is just not allowed, You have to follow the law of the land. Inside your home, you can do what you want, but as long as you are interacting with the rest of the society, you have to assimilate. For the Muslims in many nations, Burka or even Hijab has been outlawed as it interferes with the security of the nation. The Muslims are not allowed to marry multiple times either, as it is against the marriage laws there.
Now if we come to India, we see an entirely different picture. We see that there is a different code of conduct just for the minorities, in name of minority rights. They can dress up how they want, where they want, no matter if it spells disaster for security. They can marry as many as four times, no matter if it spells disaster for the already burgeoning population. They can run their own schools, no matter if they choose to teach outdated lessons from a distant land there. In short, they can run their own separate country within our country. Similar policies are applicable in case of others like the christian missionaries. And what is the end result? We have a deeply divided society that is always held hostage by the tantrums of various groups. We have no say in our own country about how to keep our society homogeneous and running smoothly.
Why can’t we just follow what is a successful model in other nations? Are we so very unique and special that a different model is needed for us. A country like America, which prides itself in being the melting pot of the world. which successfully takes in large number of immigrants from various ethnicities, is able to bring them all under one banner by enforcing same rules of law on everyone. There are no special concessions. The official language remains same for all no matter where you are coming from; you and your children have to adapt to it. They will help you by providing you with free or discounted classes, they will help you in every possible manner. But only to assimilate, not to stand apart.
Even if we think that we are a special case, that our culture requires us to be hospitable etc, we can look into our own history and draw lessons from there. I recently came across a section in Harivansh Puran (A history of the Early Indians between 10,000 B.C. and 5,000 B.C). In Chapter 1, verse 14, there is the reference of many foreign invaders (Shak, Yavan, Kaamboj, Pahnav and Paarad) who had taken over territories inside India and had settled down there. They ousted the erstwhile king Baahu, who went into the forest and died there. His pregnant wife found protection in the ashram of Rishi Aurav, and gave birth to a son named Sagar. The Rishi trained Sagar and gave him the knowledge of the Fire-Weapon (aagney-astr). When of age, Sagar went to reclaim his kingdom, and started killing the foreign settlers mercilessly. They escaped and ran to Rishi Vashishth for protection. The Rishi brokered a deal with the king on their behalf, but not without a promise first. He told them that they had to give up their foreign way of life and become Aarya if they want to stay in India. Sagar took care that their assimilation was carried out properly – they learned to dress, talk, and behave like Aaryas and that is the only way they were given a place in the society. After that there was no trouble either from them or to them.
All these examples show us one common truth that assimilation is the only way for a society to function successfully. Regional diversity is a good thing, it adds to the flavour of life, but the ethical code by which we live must be the same. When people with opposite sets of code try to live side by side, there is bound to be disharmony. It does not mean that people should give up their way of worship, as that is a very personal choice, but they have to assimilate to a common code in all social spheres, whether it is food, clothing or marriage-laws. Every citizen must exhibit an apparent will to work towards the betterment of the country. We must weed out the mindset where people settle here, but their loyality lies elsewhere as dictated by their religious leaders. No religious law should take priority over the national law. Only then we can find prosperity again as a people. And the fruits of this harmony will not only be sweet for one section of the society, but to all. If we all equally participate in the peacekeeping process, when progress happens, it will happen for all equally too.
The Maharashtra Animal Preservation Bill, which was first, passed in the year 1995 by the state’s nationalist Hindu parties and was sent to the president for approval in the year of 1996 and it took 19 years for this amendment bill to become a law. The president had approved the bill recently in the month of March 2015. The slaughter of cows was previously prohibited in the state under the Maharashtra Animal Preservation Act of 1976. Now, the new Act has also banned the slaughter of bulls and bullocks, which were previously allowed on certificate basis.
Many beef traders are unhappy and jobless because of this amendment; in a way the rights of these beef traders are being violated under Article 19(1)(g) of the Constitution of India, which gives them the right “to practice any profession, or to carry any occupation, trade or business”.
Article 19(6) of the Constitution of India states that “Nothing in sub clause (g) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it imposes, or prevent the State from making any law imposing, in the interests of the general public, reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause.” Whereas the new law that is being imposed is beyond reasonable restrictions as it is forcing the beef traders to lose their job and not allow them to practice the profession of their choice. Just to please one part of the community the state is taking away the only source of their livelihood of the minority community. In my opinion this cannot be justified as reasonable restriction.
All the judgments related to the discussion on beef ban do not delve on the part that the ban leads to problems for thousands of people of the minority caste as compared to Hindus i.e. the Muslims and Dalits. They are the main persons whose lives are getting affected. Out of all the meat, beef is the meat, which is the cheapest, and by banning beef it is making lives of the poor more and more difficult. On the whole even the Supreme Court in the case of Mohd Hanif Quareshi and others v State of Bihar, leaves the question of this fundamental right unanswered. They are giving preference to directive principle in comparison to non-negotiable fundamental right and also in this case they recognized that a complete ban, irrespective of the age of cattle did interfere with their right to trade and livelihood and the judgments for nearly forty years following this judgment reflected this sentiment.
The Maharashtra government had in their defense to petitions that were filed before the Bombay High Court quoted “It is considered that the economy of Maharashtra was still predominantly agricultural and cow progeny is its backbone. Bulls and bullocks are useful not only as draught animal but also for agricultural purposes and breeding. They never cease to be useful as their dung is also a form of rich manure. Considering their usefulness, it was felt necessary to preserve and protect this cow progeny, including bulls and bullocks” whereas “Farmers have complained that unproductive cattle are a huge economic burden on them at a time when they themselves are being forced to lead a hand to mouth existence. The cost of rearing such cattle is nearly Rs 200 per day which just cannot afford”. In my opinion there is no economic purpose of cattle in practical life, as the money earned for cow dung will never exceed the cost which the farmers are facing in maintaining the cattle. So for the betterment of the farmers the State should rather allow cow slaughter but only for draught animals as there is not much purpose left for them as the previous legislation present before this legislation.
Also in my opinion banning beef would not lead to beef being completely removed from the state. In practical life this will lead to illegal trade and the state is losing out on tax money which could have been earned if not for the state to be just on the good side of the majority community. This tax money could have been used for betterment of the citizens, which is more important than banning beef for the vote banks of the majority community.
It is said that banning beef has benefited economically or agriculturally which clearly did not happen and rather it has violated the basic fundamental right to trade and occupation of people. Now, that possession of beef has been criminalized people have no right to choose their own choice of food. If we look at the practical impact of these laws and bans, according to the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) as per 2007, meat production in India is estimated at 6.3 million tonnes, making India the world’s fifth largest meat producer, with 31% of the 62% bovine meat being that from cattle, certified by authorities as fit for slaughter. The above given numbers according to the statistics clearly indicate as to how many people are losing over their business and need to start afresh which eventually is causing them to start their livelihood again and making the development of the nation fall down.
Also, one question which is really important and needs to be looked about is not whether these supreme court judgments and other laws on ban of cow slaughter are constitutional because of article 48 and all the other directive principles of the constitution, but whether the non-negotiable fundamental right are not being given to the citizen hence making these judgments and laws unconstitutional.
–Khush Lodaya, 3rd year student
Jindal Global Law School
Reservation and Equality both are opposite to each other but have been described as a right in the constitution of India. Equality on one side deals with the equal rights of the citizens and Reservation on the other side talks about the discrimination on the basis of educationally and socially backwards. The consitution of India is itself mandates reservation but it does not define the word ‘backward classes’. This issue of reservation has always a point of dispute for the non-reserved and reserved communities in our country. In India, the word ‘reservation’ is used by various politicians during the election time to appease their vote banks.
From a constitutional law perspective, Article 15(4) of the constitution of India was drafted so that the government can make special provision for the betterment of backward classes. Also, Article 16(4) of the constitution allows the state to draft provision for the reservation of appointments in favour of any backward classes. At first instance, both the above stated articles are exception to Article 14 of the constitution which talks about equality before the law. According to Article 14 there should be equality amongst the equals. Yes, Article 15(4) was not drafted during the whole constitution was drafted but was drafted as an amendment to the constitution. It was that time when the constitution makers made this amendment to uplift the backward class but now the backward classes are as equal to the other classes so there is no point of having Articles 15 and 16 of the constitution.
In the case of Balaji v. State of Mysore, it was held by the Supreme court that only on the basis of person’s caste, you cannot determine whether it is backward or not. There are other factors such as occupation, poverty and place of birth which should be taken into consideration. When the constitution was framed, then the provisions relating to the reservations were made for educationally and socially backward communities but today, this has more become a caste issue.
Consider the recent case of Hardik Patel, who is protesting for including Patidar caste in other backward class. The Patidar caste of Gujarat have a high social status and they were not deprived of education, but why they are protesting for reservations is something which cannot be explained. The constitution of India has given reservations to other backward classes and also as per our Preamble to the constitution our country is a secular country which means respecting all religions and communities. Therefore, today the Patidar community is protesting for reservations, tomorrow other community will protest for reservations.
However, the Supreme court of India in a recent judgement on reservations has asked the central government to take steps to scrap off the reservations in the institutions of higher education. According to me, the reservation should be made by taking the economical conditions of the person into consideration and not social and educational backwardness. Although, the reservations were made with an objective to uplift the status of backward communities but this was made during the time when constitution was drafted. Today the reservation system is working against its objective as it is uplifting the reserved section of the society and detering the perspectives of non-reserved section of the society. The government can make an alternative of the reservation system by giving reservation only on the basis of economic status and can give various opportunities to the students to earn while they are still studying. Also, during the time when the constitution was drafted by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar the two articles i.e. Articles 15 and 16 of the constitution were drafted as temporary provisions keeping in mind that when the backward classes will be uplifted these provisions will be scrapped from the constitution. Now, 65 years have been passed after drafting the constitution and now the political system of our country has taken it as a permanent provision.
– Arpit Raj, 3rd Year Student,
Jindal Global Law School