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An open letter to a regressive mom-in-law
The story that I share with you through my open letter is not just mine. I am sure that most of the daughter-in-laws go through similar hoops. Some dare to defy, some bite the bullet, and others like me decide to write about it in the form of an impassioned address or a backhanded dig.
Dear Hubby’s mother,
A few months back when I delivered my first child, you decided to come and stay with us. I was happy, that my baby will have a grandparent to play with. But I also dreaded thinking that I may have to bid adieus to all the peace I enjoyed in my domestic life. My worst dreams came true when upon your arrival, you started to interfere with every little thing that I was trying to do for my baby. You blamed me when my breast-milk wasn’t enough, or when the little one cried. You complained that I am no good at calming my bawling baby! You threw a fit when I got a malish bai to bathe my son (which you thought was unnecessary). You expected me to cook three meals a day when I was barely able to stand (a few days post my C-section delivery). You constantly compared me with someone else; “Oh, look at so and so. She is so smart. Look, how well she handles kitchen work with two babies in tow.” In short you made sure that my experience of motherhood (one that I had after seven long married years) was ruined.
I was reminded yet again, that you have not accepted me, and never will. I still remember the first time we met; you watched me like a hawk while I walked across the room with a tray of ladoo and chai (I think you wanted to confirm that I have no limp and that I am not half-blind). I don’t know if you hated me at first sight, I definitely did not. Your husband offered me piece of the ladoo with a smile that was even sweeter (all the while saying that he would like to make me his bahu), and I knew at that point that I had the best father-in-law one could ask for. About you, I was not so sure.
The first day of marriage, when I entered your life and your house, I saw none of the joyous welcoming that a new bride expects. I pottered around not knowing what to talk and whom to talk to. I didn’t feel anything but unwelcome. I approached you daily, tried befriending you, asked if you need my help with household chores, and you chose to not reply. Two days later I realized that my “failure” to perform bahu’s duties had been escalated to my hubby, and that culminated into a nasty fight between him and me. What you probably didn’t realize at that point was that I was new to all the household responsibilities (after having led a carefree life with my parents till the age of 26). And I am a shy person. Had you told me in a friendly tone of what you expected me to do, I would have gladly done it. But instead you chose to sit on a soapbox and deliver a homily on what an ideal bahu is and how I am far from it.
Thankfully, I didn’t have to see you every day since hubby and I worked in a different city and had a house of our own. But, whenever, we were ordered to visit you (which was once every week), I would meekly go up to kitchen as soon as I landed, and take over the household work from you.
Slowly I realized what a bahu truly meant to you. She is someone who mustn’t have a voice of her own; she exists merely to serve – her husband and his family. A bahu in your regressive textbook is someone who wakes up at the break of dawn, makes food for the entire family, cleans the house, and then leaves for work (if she has to). She has to come back again in the evening and perform the same set of duties (while expecting no kind of help from anyone). It doesn’t matter if at work she is actually someone who handles a team of hundred or a thousand and does a smashing job at it. It doesn’t matter even if she is earning the same salary as her husband. Since she is the bahu, she is entitled to perform all the afore-mentioned duties. She is not even allowed to keep a domestic help (since her priority should be to save her own as well as her husband’s hard-earned money). An ideal bahu should ask no questions but should unflinchingly answer all kinds of zany questions directed at her. For example: “Why do have to buy such an expensive sterilizer; instead simply heat the baby bottle in a vessel? Why did you buy so many earrings (after combing through a personal drawer)?
I really tried hard to be the ideal bahu for you. I cooked and cleaned, I expected no kind of help or even a little appreciation. But the harder I toiled, the more difficult you made things for me. You were never happy or satiated. You spared no occasion to judge me and gave my efforts a failing grade. I once decided to talk to my hubby about you, and it all ended up in a big fight. I now know that Indian men will always stand by their mums.
You told me several times to not give any “stress” to my hubby since he has an important job. But, you never appreciated the fact that I have a tough life at job too that sometimes leaks into my post-office hours. It is not always possible for me to come home from work and head straight to the kitchen to make soft round rotis for you. Sometimes, I have late-evening calls which I choose to take from home. I am trying my best to balance work and life without lamenting on the lack of support from anyone.
Now, let me remind you that with my hard-earned money, I pay most of the bills and a share of the house rent too! Never once, have I depended on you or your son to buy me any material things. I take care of my shit, and also on a couple of occasions managed yours as well. Then, why, if I may ask you, am I subjected to all whining and nagging. Why am I made to feel a lowly creature that must remain mum at all times, and quietly follow your raft of orders? Why must I be made to feel that my husband is the more important person in the equation (frankly, I don’t see any difference between him and me)? Should it not be fair that my opinion be sought when it comes to taking decisions in the house? Should I not expect my hubby to partake in the household chores, when I have taken on the onus of earning/spending for the house (generally considered to be the guy’s department)?
But let me be fair to you, I know that you are rooted in age-old traditions. I know that in your opinion a woman will always remain subservient to men. I know you have deeply embedded views about gender norms, and it’s not going to change. So, I don’t blame you. But let me take my own decisions when it comes to raising my son. Don’t expect me to pass on the baton of the “traditional values” to my little boy. I will bring him up to accept both genders as equals. I will teach him to never control or dominate another. And as far as things between you and me are concerned, I have decided to let go, forgive, and forget. This letter is the last nail on the coffin of a difficult relationship I share with you!
A unhappy bahu
About the Author:
Pooja Nair is an ex-film journalist (Indian Express) with a fetish for writing entertainment blogs. Her features and short stories have regularly appeared in magazines such as ScreenIndia, Woman’s Era, Unboxed Writers, and a host of other online portals. Her full-length novel, “Love Apptually” was published last year. In addition, her short stories were published in a book titled “Inner Voices” which was released internationally. Three of her short stories were published in the Chicken Soup series. Two other stories were published in compilations titled “Hope” and “Chaos”. She writes regularly for Indian weeklies and eZines.
Link to the blog: http://istrollersdiary.blogspot.in.
Another self-help book, In the world of writing but a science fiction & suspense love story is emerging thru. The book named “Who Hacked my brain” in Hindi has been authored by Kumar Gaurav. This book claims that readers will experience a journey from farther planet to the earth and experience various scientific discoveries. In the process of this journey of reading the impulse of getting successful by doing something impersonal for society will be transmuted by the reading itself. This book claims that the mental laziness must be vanished after reading this book.
Since this is a love story the interest will bind the readers to read it till the last chapter and once the book is closed after complete reading, the person will not remain the same. This book claims to teach many tools in relation with personal fulfillment, behavioral etiquettes, about goal setting, mind science, and brain power. As mentioned in above line this is the package bound in one science fiction love story. And the topping of its’ suspense keeps the reader thrilled throughout its read. Which is definitely something amazing experience. As of now, only Hindi readers can take benefit for this. Not only this, book claims about the major problem with the world are suffering from procrastination will also be resolved merely by reading this book. This book transmutes the urge of getting things done in now with a balanced analysis of priority of the activities listed in to do. This book claims to hold the power to create great scorers, employees, employers, business persons, successful sales persons or a fortune creator. This claim is something incredible and same time unbelievable.
The author of this book is settled in Pune, India and is an IT professional. This creation has involved a lot of personal research, past studies, experience and experiment in the field of mind science and brain power. His inclination towards mind science made him write this book as a story. In many of his personal interviews, he said, “to ready many, had to write one” J
The most important factor of this book is about its’ main character, Raj. This book is a journey of a common man Raj, who is an IT sales person. He is quite busy in his 9 to 5 job. Despite this, his dream to be successful keeps him busy at night doing some scientific inventions. His continuous effort and learning in the course of battling with failure, allowed his to emerge as a billionaire finally. What actually he learned in the process and demonstrated in front of the world, book talked about it. This is thought provoking that even though his all idea were stolen, he managed to become billionaire and the same time a scientist. To know all the secret behind “how”, it generates interest to read this small novella.
The declarations made are so powerful and fascinating but how much truth is there in this we shall come to know only after reading this. Will this open the secret to success in the reality or not readers of this book will certainly comment?
With much love.
A taste of the real village of Rameshwaram.
I am a fairly new Punjabi Bride and abosulutely love the culture although there are some social aspects of living in India that I find difficult. Such as my husband will do absolutely everything with his friends and not his wife. This was most difficult when he went to the hospital for his brother and I was left at home alone worrying. But I adore how close my husband is with his mother, this doesn’t bother me in the slightest like it might some. Who else agrees/disagrees with this article the difficulties of being married to an Indian?
Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming. Home deliveries of organic fruits like Mangoes may have once seemed a fad but independent suppliers are helping push sales to within a whisker of pre-recession levels.
Sardiyo ke mausam mein hawa mein maujood ye chemicals aur jada nuksan karte hai. Hawa mein badhti jeharili gaso ke karan saans lene mein taklif hona, aankho mein khujli aur aankho mein jalan hona jesi pareshaniya hone lagti hai. Iske ilava kuch aur pareshaniya bhi ho sakti hai.
Pollution ki samasya se bachne ke liye jaruri hai ki jada se jada ped podhe (trees, plants) lagaye kyuki trees carbon dioxide atmosphere se khichte hai aur shudh oxygen chodte hai, isliye jaruri hai ki hum infrastructure ki development ke sath sath nature ki growth ke bare mein bhi soche.
So my question goes.. if you lived thousands of years back where there were no houses cars bungalows. Just forest river natural fruits animals. You are alone and hunting for food and shelter. And finally you find lots of fruits and a cave to survive. And you meet another human. Who is suffering like you too. Wont you offer him the extra food and the place to stay ?? Any human being will help the other person. But today we all have houses to stay enough food to eat. Satisfying clothes to wear. Yet we want more. We save up and try to make as much property as we can. Why.. so as we develop we become lesser humans.
Before helping someone. We take selfies and post it. We make a video and post it.
I sometimes wonder how future could be . But it scares me to say its going to worst filled with selfish people who just want to work their ass off and party in the week ends.
I wonder if there will ever come a time if lesser priveleged will ever have any hopes for a better life. Alteast a better education so tat they can become capable enough to lead a dignified life. If we who have been lucky to get education to suffice ourselves will not worry about them who else will. God is not impartial. Tat s why he has given us heart. Atleast if we take make it a point to educate one such kid . We can have some hopes for a better future.
Celebrating our festive Ganesh Pandal Hopping with a unique Ganesha made up entirely of Indian spices. This one not only makes you appreciate the artistry but also inspires with an awe inspiring sense of love, the way Bappa would with his Maa Parvati.
Our Ganesha for today comes in a beautiful artistic flavor: He is made from Paper Quilling! And I say He looks even more cute and friendly in this eco-avatar of His.
It’s the first day of one of the most awaited festivals of India and one of the most popular in Mumbai, Ganesh Chaturthi.
The much loved elephant God, the cute and mischievous, and one of my favourites – Ganpati Bappa will be home soon, seated like a bosom friend, an intimate confidante, amid His favourite people – with you and me.
You are a great Indian company doing great business that contributes to the GDP. In the agriculture sector, I have a suggestion that you could mull over. Instead of dealing with selling seeds, providing inputs etc., you can do a great job of creating farmer collectives and create a producer company with numerous farmers. Farmer’s lands can be professionally managed by installing a vibrant and professional team and create wealth for the Producer Company. This name is familiar undoubtedly and you will be wondering as to how to get small farmers into a collective! There are difficulties and I am trying various means to locate one for launching a professionally competent Producer Company. You have all the resources to make agriculture produces, market locally, export and possess an excellent Management wherewithal to conduct business successfully.
The advantage I see is that you will get to produce the crop you need to market either locally or export, farmers benefit by getting wages all their lives and in addition receive annual dividends. They will give their best productivity and this arrangement will not hinder getting farm labor, which is causality today. I see a win/win situation and most importantly, you can contribute to the PM’s vision of doubling farmer’s income by 2020. One successful venture will fire interest in many in the country.
My suggestion is that you could try one such example to evaluate its success. I am in the process of locating a suitable collective and if you can join hands to further, it can be worth a trial. I shall be just as a volunteer and have no monetary interest in making this suggestion.
Can I know your mind in this suggestion? My website, http://www.farmeremancipation.in will elucidate
An Indian had broken 2500 year-old record of Philippedes, the man who ran 42 kms without any aid and died, just to convey Greece won the battle of Marathon against Persia.
Today an Indian woman O. P. Jaisha ran the same distance without a drop of water @ 42°C to keep our nation’s pride.
But the bureaucratic hegemons in Athletics Federation of India didn’t even provide water and she almost died but her only aim was to complete the Marathon. Worst of all they made her coach a scapegoat and blamed her. How sadistic of them!!
As the man Philippedes himself quoted “We have won”. You are the HERO, #Jaisha.
Sorry for not knowing you. Sorry for not supporting you. Sorry for failing you. If it’s not for the viewership hungry media we’d have not known you at all. Ashamed of this.
As a Russian proverb goes ‘A fish rots from its head’. This is very true for the umpteen Nehruvian institutions.
World’s youngest Marathoner is an Indian boy Budhia @ 3 yrs. World’s eldest Marathoner is a Indian origin man Fauja Singh @100 yrs. The woman who broke 2500 year-old record is also Indian. I feel sad, angry, proud, shameful, all at the same time.
The respected current Prime Minister of India launched this scheme under the slogan ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ which soon gained massive publicity and attracted many. People got emotional and moved by this ‘abhiyaan’. The question is why this slogan had to be introduced? Why does the Government urge people to save the girl child? Many more such questions emerge in people’s mind. Many Government and Non-Government Organizations are running for the welfare of girl child.
Needless to say, there are still many states in India which kill the girl child in the mother’s womb. One of such states is Haryana. But there was one couple in the same state which saved their girl 23 years ago and named her ‘Sakshi Malik’. Who knew, this girl child would bring not only pride to her parents but to the whole nation.
In the Rio Olympic 2016 season, when the entire country was eyeing upon so many players to bring at least one medal, this Indian freestyle wrestler aggravated everyone’s expectation and turned the match in mere 10 seconds. Not only that she is the first player to bring home an Medal, but she is the first ever female wrestler to win an Olympic medal.
There is another such player named P V Sindhu, who has again brought broad smile on everyone’s lips in her home country. Kudos Girls!
Its mesmerizing to see that India is celebrating at the present and feeling proud because of its’ two ‘Betis’ (daughters) whose parents allowed them to come to this world and nurtured them without any differentiation.
The difference is not between a girl and a boy, it’s in the mind. The way one perceives things, would conduct accordingly. Let the child remain a child, not a boy or a girl and then see how better can a beti be! Let’s change the mindset and promote our girls to bring more name and fame to our country.
Having perused the subject notice for selection of Graduate Engineer Trainees in Air India Engineering Services Limited(AIESL), it is my earnest wish to offer my candidature for the same. However the stipulated qualification requirements perplexes me and many of the Aeronautical Engineering Graduates from the Universities in India.
First of all we fail to understand the importance of GATE SCORE in this Selection Process. If an Engineering Graduate has cleared all his semesterexaminations with no arrears and has good academic score of Grade Point Average of over 7 to 8, he is considered for jobs in any Engineering Organization. Generally the students appear for GATE Examination to go for Higher Studies and Research Field. At no point during our studies we realized that for jobs for General Engineering Jobs that too in our selected Domain requires GATE Qualification for getting Employed. For clarity I wish to state that there is no GATE Examination for AERONAUTICAL Engineering; the examination is being conducted for AEROSPACE ENGINEERING. Students who aspire for Higher studies only appear for GATE Exam. If we were aware that the Employment Criteria for Aviation Jobs included GATE SCORE, we would have tried to go for GATE COACHING like others. Now that at this juncture, when we are seeking for entry for jobs, if we are suddenly asked to get the GATE SCORE, it is a Denial of Opportunity for no fault of us.
I dream of an Aircraft Maintenance Engineer’s job, but by this employment notice my ambition is getting shattered. As what we understand, the 4 year Aeronautical Engineering Graduation course make us comprehensively understand the Aircraft Design and System Technology, where as all other Engineering Graduates are not even given rudimentary knowledge of Aviation. By this open category recruitment, we Aeronautical Engineering Graduates feel that we are being ignored and considered secondary for even submitting an Application for a Job in Aviation.
By this I seek the Air India Management, Civil Aviation Ministry, and Human Resources Ministry shall take note of this injustice and give us an opportunity to compete with others in competing for a specialist job in Aviation.
With Highest Regards to the AIESL and Air India Management
I seek your direction.
Thanking all concerned
SANGEETH SATHISH CHANDRAN
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel : +91 9037747787
Punjabi ‘phere’ or 4 ‘laava’ as called, is more a superstitious belief than what is taught to Sikhs by the great philosopher, Guru, teacher and Sant of all times.
Nowadays, people have created a myth and false fear in community that these 4 ‘laava’ should be performed before noon, as after that hour is inauspicious . Besides, this uneducated and contrary to Guru’s teachings belief is making the young generation dislike and gradually not follow it. The kids nowadays are questioning on this issue. They are wondering how Punjabi religion is the only one enforcing this time law, not any other religion.
Even after forcing this on children, marriages are failing and married life is a disaster. Married couples are separating, divorcing. They are unhappy with their families forcing this on them. This is a huge problem in Canada, USA and UK now. First, a marriage function lasts no less than a week. Then, the night before the wedding, family will have a ge together that usually will last past midnight. This is so stressing on the to be married couple.
Our families are just thinking of themselves, their own created marriage system. They should realize this day is their child’s special day. It is for them, of their own future to come, a special day they want to cherish with soft and beautiful memories forever.
Not wake up in the morning at 4am and be so stressed and have dark circles and puffy eyes, and have eyebags. No doubt make up will cover all this, but is the new bride to be enjoying this? Has anyone ever asked her what she wants? Has family ever discussed things with children? No!. They just do what they are told.
Then these children are complaining how their ‘gora’ friends get married. It’s all about the couple to be. Educate the couple, tell them family values, teach them the marriage sanctity, the teachings passed on to us by our great Guru, Guru Nanak Devji.
I feel this belief is not taking our Sikh community anywhere. This bogus uneducated and false belief of marrying before noon is not a marriage saviour. It is a false notion.
I believe a couple to wed should talk to a local priest about mariied life, their parents should sit with children to explain the purity of it.
Love for anything is good but obsession is always harmful. With the advancement of technology and craze for mobile inspired the web developers to introduce a device on mobile called ‘front camera’ which allows people to click themselves.
It’s not required to describe the benefit of such camera as even a child knows how to operate it especially on a mobile and the best part is that that you don’t have to be dependent on others to click yourself. This feature on the mobile or camera fancies people to click themselves anywhere and everywhere.
Lately, we get to hear about many accidents occurring because of Selfie craze. It is bizarre to learn that you love yourself so much that you click selfie but you are so careless about yourself that you don’t realize the death trap arising out of it. Getting mesmerized by the beauty of nature like hill stations, mountains, lakes, fountains, or man-made beauty like palaces, forts, monuments, etc. and the wish to capture those moments is a natural phenomena. But endangering your life for such craze is not advisable at any cost.
Electronic devices are meant to simplify people’s life not create threat to life. But unfortunately, we take everything for granted almost everything and above all, our own life. Call it a trend, fashion or competition, now-a-days, everyone likes to pose, click and post on the social media. They want to stay connected with the friends and relatives, and the desire to share what they do inspires them to capture every moment and post on social media.
Nobody is against any trend or habit, after all it’s a democratic country and we are free to choose our activities, but we have to be very sensible and careful especially conscious while we are in public places.
Children are the mirror image of their parents; they have some inbuilt qualities, nature and personality adopted from their parents. Children observe and learn and accordingly copy what they observe. Nowadays children are very unpredictable; the change in their interest and lethargic approach towards everything has made them careless. They have become more stubborn, the adaptability percentage has gone down and some children become very difficult to be handled or managed. Parents know their children in the best way, their likings and disliking, their habit and nature, more importantly what can calm their children down.
It is also important to educate the children at home because it gives an opportunity to the parents to spend time with their children. This quality time would increase the level of confidence and security in the child’s mind. The parents would know, what is been taught at the school and they won’t be oblivious of the nature of education their child is getting. We have seen many children feel anxious and pressurised because of the ever increasing competition which gradually develops pessimism in the child’s mind which may result into fatal consequences, as lethal as suicide in some cases. The only way of avoiding such circumstances is to speak. Communication heals many problems and a child cannot have a better friend than his/her own parents. Now-a- days, majority of the time spent by the child is either outside or Internet so it becomes the parents’ duty and responsibility to take out some quality time for their children and nurture their life.
It is true that everything can’t be taught at home. The formal education and training can be taken only from the authorised institutes. The certificates, degrees, etc. can be obtained from the formal education centres only but basic education starts at home where the child is prepared for the school and the world. Parents can give their children life lessons too which will help them in becoming good human beings.
A fast food restaurant is a type of eating place which serves various types of fast food with small seating or table arrangements mostly outside the restaurant. Also known as quick service restaurants mainly cater to takeaways. This industry targets students, youngsters and bachelors majorly but they are equally in demand by the family people and women.
It is been said that the fast food restaurants were introduced in the United States in 1919 and the famous KFC and Mc. Donald’s and many other such chains are the gifts of the US which made this industry the necessity of every one. Terms like easy to make or ready to eat can be associated with fast food as they cook very fast and easily without much effort.
Market expert says that small fast food restaurants are very famous amongst people of low strata. The industry owners can target such people very easily as they are less conscious about nutrition or harms occurring from such type of foods.
Another benefit of such chains are that the cost of opening and operating such restaurants is low because the raw material used is not very expensive and can be transported easily. Also, the number of staff required to operate fast food industry is very less. So many people who want to enter the field of business consider this industry majorly.
No matter how many health arguments is presented against these type of food, the reality is that fast food is a popular choice amongst the mass today and the demand for this is not going to diminish for a long time. As long as, demand is there, supply will be arranged accordingly and this industry is going to survive for years to come.
My own way of paying respect to Tagore.
Deity Of The Ruined Temple
Santiniketan, the abode of peace, which is devoted to realization of different aspects of truth from diverse point of views, was perhaps not prepared to face this bizarre truth of a 10-year-old girl forced to lick her own urine as punishment for bedwetting. The universal knowledge centre Visva-Bharati that was conceived by Kobiguru to provide coordinated study of different culture is to-day accused of defending a weird culture that could be appreciated only by a very few godly souls like Swami Agnibesh. The God within the innocent girl of Patha Bhavan died when the hostel warden Ms. Uma Poddar tried the medieval cure on her. Patha-Bhavana, the brainchild of Tagore, was established to stimulating and sustaining the manifold faculties of human personality beyond the accepted limits of intellectual and academic pursuits. The underlying philosophy behind such idea with no stretch of imagination can accommodate the concept of a punishment that exceeds the customary limit of tolerance of any ordinary people.
Evidently, people have forgotten Tagore’s concept. His works have become commodities – traded freely for the purpose of materialistic profit only. People are earning their living by capitalizing on Tagore’s tag. The values, which Tagore had stood for, are far behind us. His message is not touching the soul of our hearts. We have become mindless to the nuances of life, which he had dreamt. The high pitch loudspeaker installed at roadside lampposts playing Tagore’s song in full blast in a hot humid noon announcing festivities of community “Puja” cannot spread his idea. In the early hours of a holiday morning, when people struggle to catch up with sleep, having their ears assaulted even by Tagore’s songs or poems through a loudspeaker publicizing some public events spread a wrong message. Under similar attack, Tagore himself would have been apologetic for his splendid works. However, people of Bengal have become accustomed to witness such offerings of reverence to Tagore in a fashion that actually betrays an arrogant show of respect. The long lasting impression the lyrics can create, if played in a serene environment, gets lost in such routine outburst and becomes a regular source of revulsion to many. Nevertheless, people are oblivious of others’ feelings!
Reports of unpleasant incidents like theft of Tagore’s Nobel medallion in March 2004, molestation of an American student at Kalo Bhavan in February 2008, fortnight long strike demanding an investigation into ‘irregularities’ committed by vice-chancellor in 2010 and many more untoward incidents still haunt public memory. People are now witness to a tragic “reality-serial” that started with a folly – compelling a budding soul to lick her own urine. The episodes of ridiculing the parents with police arrest and thereafter the show of bias by the university authorities followed back to back. The next two episodes displayed insensitivity of the persons in power with delay of 72 hours in enquiring about the wellbeing of the victim and then the expression of regret 5 days after the incident that culminated with a “punch-line” by publicly naming the tormented child, violating section 21 of the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000.
The society is yet to come to grips whether to dismiss the happening as stray one or to debate whether Visva-Bharati authorities have strayed. “We Bengalis are too sensitive about Santiniketan and expect it to remain an oasis of high values when the world around is in a state of degeneration and collapse.” A senior teacher reportedly told in defence. May be the torchbearers of Tagore’s legacy are yet to realize that glow of light turns more prominent as darkness becomes more pronounced. Perhaps Tagore’s anguished expression “There is lamp but never a flicker of flame” in Gitanjali (Poem 27) describes the contemporary situation better. Today, his teachings have become more relevant to liberate the society.
In his Nobel Prize acceptance speech Tagore had said, “My object in starting this institution was to give the children of men full freedom of joy, of life and of communion with nature. I myself had suffered when I was young through the impediments which were inflicted upon most boys while they attended school and I have had to go through the machine of education which crushes the joy and freedom of life for which children have such insatiable thirst.” Are we not witnessing today the manifestation of a culture in Visva-Bharati that is exactly opposite to Tagore’s dream?
In another paragraph of the same speech, Tagore had mentioned “…. this university should be a place where Western students might come and meet their Eastern brethren and where they might work together and try to find the treasures that have lain hidden in the East for centuries and work out the spiritual resources of the East, which are necessary for all Humanity.” Can we tell it to the world today, as uttered by a SENIOR teacher, not to “expect it (Visva-Bharati) to remain an oasis of high values when the world around is in a state of degeneration and collapse”? Should we announce that the “Eastern brethren” have failed Tagore?
When the custodians of Tagore’s dream falter in their task of protecting the poet’s precious collections, others in Bengal cannot be expected to do better. Common people always look up to the intellectuals to show the right path. That is the reason why the parents had left their 10-year-old girl in the custody of Visva-Bharati with hope that the child would be moulded in the vision of Tagore. However, the manner in which the authorities have failed the child is inexplicable. The ruthless act has attacked the inherent idea behind starting the institution and the bias has shaken its foundation. The “God” within the innocent girl was murdered at Patha Bhavan, her dream was shattered in the Tagore’s dream house and she had to go back home carrying a nightmare. The poor child will never return to Visva-Bharati – “where the whole world forms its one single nest” – even as a day boarder, because she is too afraid! To-day, she is searching a shelter “Where the mind is without fear and head is held high; where knowledge is free”.
There was a time when parents used to give maximum protection to their children and would not allow them to go to the park or any place which let the child get exposed to soil, dirt, garbage, etc. Some gave hygiene reasons and some wanted to protect the children from direct heat, dust, etc. to save them from viral, sneezing, cold cough, etc.
But are we actually able to save them? This weird mindset of parents made our children turn into a loner. The children of today tend to spend maximum time on net, TV, mobile, etc. They tend to avoid crowd, not like talking much or mingling with people, which in away may lower their self confidence and adaptability.
This is the reason, the parents now want to learn from mothers and mothers-in-law, the way they brought up their children. Just a little bit of casual approach but overseeing the children would help them develop acceptability of others and themselves. Let the children touch the dirt, soil, plants, grass. Let them fall in the park and get up themselves. Let the talk to strangers but watch them diligently. Let them grow themselves so that they can differentiate between the good and the bad.
Surely, parents feel good to see their children happy and these activities would make the children self reliant and confident. Make a regular visit to the local park, shops, stores, etc. Parents should also develop these habits and shouldn’t just perform the formality of visiting the park. See the children smile and feel happy.
Yes definitely, mobile app can be helpful for travelers to rectify their problems. Mobile app can solve 90% problems of travelers. Most number of people are interested in travel to look out new things. So these kinds of people are careful with all the things. They are not ready to face problems again and again. Here I am giving some information about mobile app, which tells how it will be helpful for travelers.
Security of Travels- Mobile apps built for travel security purpose include what type of things we can carry during journey etc.
Transport timings- One more benefit from using mobile app is one can get all the updated information about timings. Is that particular transport facility arriving for exact time, or is there any delay, and reason of delay and how much time it will take to arrive, etc.
Health and Fitness on the way-Health is the 1st preference for every one as health is wealth. During journey time if we get any sudden health problems, how we can handle the situation. Using mobile app we can handle the things our own.
Security of Luggage- If we lose any bags or valuable thing, then how we get the product back, how many days it will take to get our things and which type of security we can get for our things etc.
So many benefits we can get from using mobile apps for travelling. If you want to develop an app for travelling, then do some research about mobile app and how it will be helpful? Because when you started any business, you have to get some knowledge about that particular sector.
FuGenX Technologies is the leading mobile app development company in Oman. They have developed so many popular apps like Bashi, Blink, Qinvest, Jasoom Cars, Just Share It etc… These are Middle East countries apps and FuGenX also provides service for Canada, US, UK, India, Singapore, Italy and Australia.
Want to develop a successful app for rectifying problems in Travelling?
If you want to develop a travelling app, you can work with FuGenX Technologies, one of the best mobile app development companies Oman and Saudi Arabia. You can reach FuGenX at fugenx.com or email@example.com. FuGenX is a global iOS apps development company Oman. They have strong expertise in developing all mobile applications.
You can reach FuGenX at fugenx.com for best mobile app development services.
A long weekend is round the corner. Here’s the best way to enjoy the independece day along with friends and family in Bangalore
It was just a matter of seconds that I retrieved this picture of ‘Munshi Premchand Ghat’ from my Varanasi pictures folder. And got working on this post.
Attributable to the great popularity and quick development of the Internet and network innovation, electronic commerce has turned into a noteworthy activity in modern business operations, states Fugenx Reviews. Today, massive business exercises are conducted on the web. Individuals go online to sell and purchase merchandise and services, and numerous transactions can’t be accomplished without Internet technology.
Online shopping offers enormous selection of products and services. Retailers having bricks and mortar premises are constrained in the amount of products they can display or even keep in their inventories. That is absolutely reasonable, since both characterize a noteworthy investment of funds. On the other hand, online retailers have no such limitations. They basically need to demonstrate pictures and offer portrayals of the complete range, enhancing the shopping experience of customers.
Where those shopping in retail stores may perhaps need to wait for specific things, (for example, couches) for up to one month, mostly web shopping offers a quick dispatch of items, reducing that holding up time – altogether, once we’ve spent our cash, we would choose not to wait.
Online shopping offers such a variety of benefits for purchasers. It’s simple – retailers purposely make their websites easy to browse and use – and with a debit/credit card there is no looking back. The choice appears to be verging on vast, and we’re not longer limited to simply purchasing locally or through mail order catalogues. We don’t have to feel troubled with opening hours, loud-mouthed sales staff, and the hundred different issues that prevail with any shopping trip. The procedure can take as long as you feel like – or be over in a matter of minutes. You can buy products from across the world. It appears like a Golden Age of shopping.
Customers positively believe so, as the e- commerce market has blasted to extreme levels. Indeed, even credit crunches can’t decline the craving for online shopping. “Regardless of the financial scenario, the estimation is that the amount spent shopping online will continue to expand year by year”, says an expert from Fugenx Technologies.
If developing a highly functional mobile app is a tough task, increasing the number of downloads at play store is a whole new ball game.There are lots of new apps which are hitting the app stores every day.Among these apps, it is very hard to promote a newbie app and to get more downloads to it. This is when ASO comes.
“App Store Optimization is the new SEO in the digital world. The mobile app market is growing so fast – it’s literally the fastest growing market in history,” says the founder of upcoming app discovery service, Ooomf Mikael Cho.
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So here we are discussing the best tools trending in 2016 to do ASO to get apps at the top of the App Store in an easy way:
1. App Annie: It is one of the best app analytics and app market data platforms for developers and marketers. It is providing both free as well as premier versions. Even free version also gives you enough tools for competitor research. But if you want complete service and intelligence, then I will recommend you to choose a premier version which will give you a good result.It allows you to optimise your ASO strategy by analysing market data metrics, including historical rankings, ratings, reviews and keywords for any app across any categories and countries.
Key Features: Keywords and competitor tracking, advanced search filters, analysis of keyword rankings.
App Stores: Google Play and Apple App Store.
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2. Gummicube: This company has been in the business of ASO since 2011. They developed their own DATACUBE app store intelligence software to find out what users search for in the Google Play and App Store to deliver best results.
Key Features : On-page optimization, ratings and reviews, app focus group service, app logo and screenshots.
App Stores: Google Play and Apple App Store.
3. Tune: Tune was founded in 2009. It provides attribution analytics, in-app marketing as well as ASO tool for developers to boost organic results.
Key Features: Track competitors, keyword suggestions and tracking ranks, compare install estimates, A/B test descriptions.
App Stores: Google Play and Apple App Store.
4. SearchMan: SerchMan provides a big data tool that is to help developers boost their app’s visibility in the app store. This tool gives you data-driven keyword suggestions and push updates to improve search rankings and increase downloads.
Keyword features: Discover and optimise keywords, track search rankings, check visibility scores, free access of app market research.
App Stores: Google Play and Apple App Store.
5. SensorTower: SensorTower gives insights of competitors through its rankings and Leaderboards resource. Their ASO tool provides accurate data and tracking functions which helps to improve the visibility of your apps in the app stores.
Key Features: Competitor tracking, keyword optimization, keyword translation, downloads and revenue estimates.
App Stores: Google Play and Apple App Store.
These are the best tools for ASO in the market. You can choose any one of them as per your continent to get your app in the best ranking. The price for the packages, which you can get by contacting them, as there are different packages and different prices depending on the service each tool is providing.
There are many mobile app developing companies USA that provide mobile app development and ASO service for your app. FuGenX Technologies is one of them, which is a big brand in mobile apps development companies NYC, New Jersey and all over USA. If you want to get a highly functional app with ASO service, you are recommended to take service from FuGenX once, as they will provide a high end service to you.
Buying grocery is out of the amusement. Going to restaurants and movies are optional, which you can stop,but it is difficult to survive without soap, toothpaste,fruits and vegetables.In the rapid pace of the city, tedious travel and long working hours, mostpeople don’t have time to buy groceries.
Buyers are now very comfortable with online shoppingto order clothes,electronics,and shoes,among others. Selling groceries online has become easier with online payment facility.Grocery apps seem to be the next big thing in the online retail domain. The way this industry is booming, it is definitely scope for the younger players.Mobile apps have made online ordering easier than ever. To fulfil the demand of mobile apps for grocery sector in India, there have many mobile app development companies came to the market.
FuGenX Technologies is one such mobile app development company in India which has helped many online grocery retailers with world-class app development, including Big Basket. Grocery app developed by FuGenX helped Big Basket double its sales and profit. FuGenx is also an emerging mobile application development companies Singapore.They have dedicated team of developers excelling in various platforms like Android, iOS, Windows, BlackBerry.
Why Grocery Apps are in more demand?
E-shopping concept has been dominating the retail sector all around the world. Grocery and other FMCG products have also been influenced by the same, so making their way to be shopped online. In India grocery app market has been emerging from day by day.Ayear in the third quarter of 2015, revenue increased by $120 million for 5startup grocery apps. This shows how people are responding to the grocery applications.
The worth of food and grocery industry in India is around $ 383 billioncurrently and is expected to touch the magic figure of $1 trillion in 2020. The growing number of people are more inclined towards online shopping, without doubt grocery apps will set bigger trends in the coming years. Retailers of groceries started thinking in a smart way ofdeveloping an app which are similar to BigBasket, Grofers, and Pepperfry. By developing an app both retailers and customers are having benefits, so it is like win and win policy.
Tips to get success inGrocery Apps:
FuGenxis a leading grocery app development company in India, which has developed many highly successful grocery apps including Big Basket App, with advanced features and functionalities. Below are the tips given by FuGenX for successful Grocery apps:
Rich in UI& UX:
Grocery app with rich UI& UX is of utmost importance, which helps users use appseamlessly. Clutter-free app screen, smooth navigation, and user friendly interface are the most required features for app.
Clutter-free product list:
The app should contain each products in separate categories so that users can easily choose the requiredthe products. For example,different categories of cosmetics, dairy products, pulse & spices, etc.
Easy order placement in real time:
Users should be able to easily add their products to their carts. After placing orders, they should be able get information such as order no., delivery time, etc.
Different Payment Modes:
There should be different payment options in grocery apps, including credit/debit card payment, mobile wallet payment, COD, etc.
Why choosing FuGenX for Grocery App is Beneficial?
There are many reasons to choose FuGenX for developing a grocery app. FuGenX is already a part of BigBasket’s big success.Big Basket is India’s largest online food and grocery store with over 18,000 products and 1000 brands. FuGenX not just developed an app for Big Basket, it developed app that helped Big Basket as a magnetic material to attract customers from nook and corner of the country, and investors from invisible sources.
FuGenX has professional developers to develop app that can give users a personalized and seamless experience of grocery shopping. FuGenX also has experienced iPhone development company Singapore who have the ability and sincerity to develop any kind of mobile app with specified features. FuGenX architect, design, implement, test &deliver the world class mobile applications for iOS, Android, BB, and Windows. FuGenX can design the grocery apps with multi-platforms compatibility.
If you are looking to develop app like BigBasket or Grofers with special features, FuGenX will help you.
If you are planning to establish a mobile presence for your business, one of the first considerations that come to your mind is should I create a mobile application or mobile website, or both. Determining this depends on a number of factors, including target audience, purpose, and geography. The emergence of Smartphone’s and tablets around the world has brought huge change. According to a recent survey by comScore, 88% of smart phone users use mobile app and 12% users use browsers in mobile phones. The two major facts in this survey are:
1. Mobile devices have become an integral part of everyone’s life all over the world
2. Smartphone and tablet users like application more than website.
The second doesn’t imply mobile application is enough for a business. In fact, mobile website is also important. The website plays an essential role in promoting the business on platforms like Google search engine, so the business can easily reach more online customers. On the other hand, the mobile applications are developed to maintain long-term relationship with customers and increase business profits. Let’s see the ultimate benefits of mobile apps for business:
Removes the communication barrier:
Messaging and other communication facilities in the app with the help of mobile application can well connect customers with business. Therefore, customers can send the instant messages to the company. Moreover, users can also share their grievance.
Enhances the quality of services and products:
With the help of direct communication, users can send feedback about the product. This will help the business to improve the quality of services and products. And also helps to know what type quality products customers want.
Support in Direct Marketing:
Mobile app makes the direct marketing easier. With the help of mobile application, the business can get payment instantly as the customers can be allowed to pay through the wallet.
Simplifies Branding Process:
A mobile application is helpful to simplify the way of branding and promoting the products and services directly.
Apart from all above benefits, a mobile application also helps businesses get real customers. Compared to a mobile website, mobile application gets more and more loyal users because of the rich user experience it can give. On the other hand, mobile websites are accessed through search engines like Google, so that users of any platforms like Smartphone and tablets can easily connect to the business through website. Hence, it is essential for business to have both mobile website and mobile application in order to succeed in the digital world.
Hope that now you’ve come to know the value of mobile application and website very well. Both are equally important for the business.
Have a Plan to Develop a Mobile App or Mobile Website for Your Business?
If you are interested to develop an app or mobile website for your business, FuGenX, award-winning mobile app developers Mexico, will help you do it amazingly. As an experienced iPhone app designing company Mexico, FuGenX can develop supreme quality apps that people love to use and share with others.
Now a days, mobile app is an essential part of almost every business, be it small or big. In fact, in these days you may’ve noticed that many small businesses you interact in your day-to-day life have their own mobile app. A large number of small businesses across the world gained profit by developing mobile apps. Though they had their own website, they developed mobile app with the help of mobile application development companies for more profits. Among the world’smajor mobile app development companies, mobile application development companies list Mexico, and San Francisco are considered as the best by small businesses.
If you are still not sure why anyone want to build their own mobile app, here are some reasons to develop a mobile app for your small business.
Reasons to build a mobile app for your small business:
Apps as a Promotional Tool:
The website is a very important tool for you to promote your business and reach your products and services to online customers. Equally, mobile app has also become a very important business promotion tool. Nowadays, mobile users are increasing day by day and most of these mobile users are showing interest to shop online.Today, almost in every business, buying, selling, trading, and payment is done through mobile. Thus, mobile apps have proven as the present andthe future of the business world.Mobile application developmentis useful for promoting your business among your prospective customers.
Plan App Yourself and Earn Wellfrom It:
Many small industries don’t want to develop apps for their business because they fear that the cost of app development would be far more than their budget. It is true that the cost of mobile app development is somewhatexpensive than a website, but not in all cases. When you are developing a basic app, if avoid the unnecessary features, it will reduce the cost. Planning app well in advance before the app development process begins, designing app logo, images and content in your own can reduce your app development cost. Once the ground work is done, you can hire professional app developers.
After the development of application, think of making money by using various app monetizationmethods, such as in-app advertising and in-app purchasing, etc.
GainWider Customer Base:
Developing an application can help you to reach more customers than a traditional website. Now a day’s, mobile search has become very popular, especially with the younger audience.You can find new customers through simple app store search, as well as through your current customers’ word to their friends. To gain more customers through app store search, you have to do ASO (App Store Optimization), likewise to gain through current customers’ word, your app should be creating values to them.
Keep the Customers Updated:
You can showcase the latest products and services in your application in order to keep the customers updated. You can do it more effectively by pushing notifications about that. Users then may have a need to visit your app often. Providing them with interesting offers and discounts can bring them very closer to you.
Partnering with Correlative Companies:
You can get into partnership with correlative companies to create more value to your products and services. If you have movie ticketing app, you can collaborate with taxi booking app, to help customers to reach the theatre on-time in a most convenient way. This is beneficial for both companies.
Mobility is an emerging world, which is helping all sorts of businesses to grow bigger. With good app development strategies, you can bring your small business to the next level with increased business popularity and profit.
Want to Develop a Mobile App for Your Small Business?
If yes, FuGenX will help you. FuGenX is a global iPhone app development firms Mexico, which has helped many small businesses to grow bigger, including India’s largest online grocery store Big Basket. FuGenX is also an emerging Android app development company in South Carolina.
On July 12, 2010, Google announced the availability of App Inventor for Android. Within this short period of time, Android became a leader in the mobile world. Now a day’s, usage of Android phones are increasingly more compared to other phones and also Android mobiles are more affordable than other phones. One more important thing is Android is the most popular mobile platform. By observing this, more people are preferring Android phones. If you want your app needs to be preferred, you have to create more apps for Android with Quality and User friendliness. For that you need to contact with best mobile app Development Company.
FuGenX is one such top mobile app development company in Riyadh Arabia for developing mobile apps for various platforms.
Tips to achieve success with Android App:
Responsive screen size:
Android is an open source platform. Hence the variation of the device screen sizes is not confined to the smartphone. Depends on the handset, the screen resolution differs. So before creating your Android app, you should set the screen sizes according to mobile handsets. By doing this, you can achieve more downloads and more usage.
Before developing the Android app, you should find collect the information on where there is great demand for Android phones. According to that, you must be prepared to make an app available in those regional languages.
Replica of iOS app:
In some of the cases, Android app developers follow iOS design for developing applications for Android platform. Some common iOS app features that are used for Android are static tabs at the bottom, circled rectangles for app icons, and on-screen button.It is better building separated features for Android.
Some of the applications make users get irritated when the internet is lost. So for that reason you should make your app workable even offline. Hence, more people show interest to use the application.
Boost App downloads:
By implementing different app downloads boosters, you can boost the download rate of your Android app. Positive reviews at the Play Store is one of the main factors for boosting app downloads.
Update your app monthly once. Based on reviews and comments you could update your app. By doing this, your will get good results in the app store.
Want to develop a successful Android app?
If you want to develop a successful Android app, you can work with FuGenX Technologies, one of the top application development companies Oman and Saudi Arabia. FuGenX is a global iPad app development company in Oman. They have strong expertise in developing apps like Snapchat and Amazon. FuGenX is also an emerging iPhone apps development company Oman. FuGenX is also recognized as among the expelrienced iPhone application development companies Oman. You can reach FuGenX at fugenx.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Now a day, people spend more than 10% of time of the day to find something new in their smart phone. If you want to create successful app like Snapchat, first you have to come up with an innovative idea, then only it will succeed, otherwise it might fail. If you want to develop an app, you can do it with the help of random app developers, but if you want to develop Snapchat like successful app, you need to contact with best mobile app developers. So behind every successful app, the contribution of app developers is very important.
Now let’s come to your dream. To develop an app like Snapchat, you first need to know what are the steps involved in creating it. Below some tips are given, let’s go through this.
How much it costs and how much time it takes?
This is the most needed question to discuss here. Before developing any app, you need to have at least rough idea about the time and cost it takes. But generally developers can’t say the exact time and cost for completing the project. Depending on your specific requirements, it may take lesser or longer time. But they will try to introduce your app to the market as early as possible.
Apps development cost is determined on 3main factors:
Before developing an app you should follow these main factors.
1. Budget – In initial stage, you should decide the budget and share it with the developers.
2. Time – You should ask developers about it in starting stage.
3. The amount of work to be done
So what is Snapchat app? How much it costs?
The Snapchat is a very popular app launched by When Spiegel and Murphy in 2011 in the name Picaboo. The idea behind this app was really unique. They didn’t do any marketing until the app value reached $19 billion. The app started became popular when Spiegel mother told about the app to her cousin. Then he showed the app to his friends in high school in Southern California. Then the app started spreading its popularity out very fast like rumour. The Snapchat main purpose is sharing photos and video messages. By November 2012, Snapchat iOS users were sharing 20 million photos per day. Now it might have crossed a billion.
By hearing to this story, we need to understand that marketing is a common thing for any app. More than marketing, designing, and development speak more. Simply developing an app is not enough to turn into a billion dollar business like Snapchat. If you really want to turn your normal business model into billion dollar business, you need to think about the idea which is very unique, and it should be very clear for customers. This also shows how you can make money from Snapchat like app with true efforts. Before developing an app, you should tell app developers that app should be supportive for upgrades, why because you may need to add more features. Snapchat like app is a long term investment.
Can I develop Snapchat like app for all major platforms at the same time?
Yes, it’s good. But think it accordingly your budget, if you create app for all devices like Android, iPhone, and iPad at the same time, the cost could be high. You can follow Snapchat in this, Snapchat first launched on iOS Platform, after they developed app for other major platforms. You can consider cross-platform app development to reduce the cost. But, it can’t give rich user experience like native app. Contact an app developer to discuss about this.
Want to develop a successful app like Snapchat?
If you want to develop an app like Snapchat, you can work with FuGenX Technologies, one of the best mobile app development companies Oman and India. You can reach FuGenX at fugenx.com or email@example.com. FuGenX is a global iOS apps development company Oman. They have strong expertise in developing app like Snapchat.
RAMA’s PERIOD FROM RESEARCH ON VALMIKI RAMAYANA: Many people express their own estimations arbitrarily without providing any documentary proof. Some people say Ramayana was held 5000 years ago without ay basis. Ramayana composed by Valmiki has the answer, particularly in Rama Pattabhishek sarga. Rama ruled for 11,000 years. In Sanskrit, it is said dasa varsha sahasrani, dasa varsha satanicha (Ten times ta housand and ten times a hundred). One may argue how is it possible for a man to live for 11,000 years. Thousands of years ago, longevity of man was high and age of ancient man should not be equated to the modern man. If we add his 14 years of exile to forests and life at Ayodhya, it can be around 40 yrs. Anyhow, we can approximate his longevity was around 11,000 years. One cannot be sure whether Treta Yug ended with the end of Rama. Anyhow, Dwapar Yug followed, the exact time period of which is not known. It can be several thousands of years. Next, Kali Yug entered. One is not sure how many years are already over till now. But it can be few thousands of years. Considering all these periods, Rama’s or Ramayana’s period should be over 11,000 years ago.
I am human a fetus and I confess that, I do not bear any religion. My parents give me a name and I grow up to a Baby to a Child to a Adolescent to a Youth to a Adult to Old. In the process, I am stimulated to a particular religion.
I am created with the same blood, flesh and all components of a human being. So, why I am forced to be confined to one religion only? Is it because, I have chosen the womb of a particular religion?? Or is it because, I cannot express my opinion??? Or is it that I have not taken birth as Jesus, Muhammad, Adi Shankara, Guru Nanak, Mahavira, Gautama Buddha, Zoroaster or founder of hundreds of new religions????
Everyone agrees that religion is a way of living life. Then why so much bitterness among religions, temptations by political leaders and religious leaders to pronounce some religion as bad or inferior than other religion. Does the creator of life in this earth have induced any rule to live? If yes, why not follow the creator’s rules; If not, then who are we create rules for others to follow? Everyone forgets the basics of religion and interprets same religion in various ways.
I am so much agonized that every day, so many killing of human life occurring across globe due to religion/color of the skin only. Is this the creator of life, ever thought about ? Are we challenging his creation?? If yes, then are we forcing the creator to end live in the earth via natural calamities???
So, can I request you all that let me to choose the religion, like I choose my career, life partner, other choices in my lifetime. It is my Life and I have all right to decide for myself.
p.s. If one wishes to consider the category of “human” a moral category, then one is left with no way of showing that the fetus is full human without question.
Agricultural activity in India for small and marginal farmers currently is unsustainable. This phenomenon stems from fragmented lands that cannot:
1. Absorb technology nor mechanisation
2. Suffers from perpetual indebtedness that cannot provide the inputs
3. Unable to source labor. Tough to get productivity out of them, if engaged
4. Poor storage to keep produce safe from parasites
5. Harassing strings of middlemen who deny the worth of farmer’s meagre produce
6. Bureaucratic ineptitude, to tackle their problems, to mention a few
Central and State Governments provide help and assistance to these farmers through consistent budgetary allocations every year besides providing adhoc reliefs when either floods or draughts strike. However the delivery mechanism is slothful and ridden with corruption. Bulk of the provisions is siphoned off. This is a big reason for the abysmal state of these classes of farmers. Ironically some Government staff becomes rich at the cost of poor. A pathetic state!
Logically Government must exit the agriculture sector as this has done more harm than help. Instead Government must concentrate on more useful and endurable work in building roads, connecting rivers, build canals, from these canals create an intelligent network to ensure all lands gets irrigated, provide continuous power supply, simplify and speed up the process of land registration / transfer, simplify legal system, bring digital technology of internet browsing facility and the like. Money spent on these will benefit the farming communities more than the current measures. These will build capital assets and avoid revenue expenditure (loss) through doles. The direct benefit to farmers will begin to get rid of poverty sooner and eventually resurrect them from penury. This will also create more jobs and consequently arrest migration. The farms sector will begin to contribute to the GDP growth in a significant manner.
The other worrisome factors that encumber farmers are unpredictable weather, depleting water resources adulterated seeds, inefficient power supply and lack of availability of the farm labor and farm debts. All these collapse the farmer and disillusion them and drive them to extreme poverty. The youngsters desert their older ones in the villages to migrate to larger towns, ostensibly seeking employment and with poor education and lack of skills required for an urban environment they fail and fall a pray to tumultuous activities. The plight of farmers with large land holdings up to 10 acres of lands, are not different..
A plethora of local NGOs many with foreign origins have been in operation in India for long in the agri-space. All of them are engaged in advising farmers on applicable / available technology, farming methods to improve their skills and develop managerial abilities to run their vocation better; all of which do not help these classes of farmers. In fact there are many narrative about fund misappropriation of the NGOs barring a very few. Thus such measures have failed to alleviate the miseries of farmers. It appears that they are ‘barking the wrong tree’ to mention the least; knowingly or unknowingly!
Many authors and theorists including business managers of repute, say that “In our opinion, the real problem in agriculture is the absence of a holistic framework, incorporating technology, risk mitigation, institutions, policies and technical training”, say the authors of ‘What India cad do differently in agriculture’, in their book. The authors have not identified the vehicle and the methods through which these can be done. However these are the ideas that can form a part of the curriculum of agriculture schools in the country and not applied to small and marginal farmers who are sweating out in their fields. Why the subject of agriculture cannot be taught in village schools in addition to the present curriculum. After class 8, when they usually branch off to science or arts or commerce streams agriculture could be one addition stream? This may create a strong preference and students can go up to the college levels in Universities and get employed in rural India. They will get immediate employment in the type of institutionalised form of agriculture we will talk about later in this note.
Present Agriculture Universities teach students only good agricultural theories but with little or no practical classes, their education remains incomplete. So how will students coming out get to work in agriculture environment? That is one reason that annually graduating 19000 students from Agriculture Universities do not remain with Agriculture, even if they are passionate. ICAR and many such R & D institutions create new varieties of crops, seeds tissue cultures with excellent credibility but all are a bundle of wasteful efforts, if these cannot be applied real time farms. R & D is done on the University’s farms with ideal conditions that may not be so in real fields of farmers. This is corroborated by statistics showing that new varieties of researched seeds had varying yields in different parts of the country. An eminent Agronomist in the country, Mr. KPP Nair once said long time ago that the difference between the Chinese and Indian scientist in agriculture is while in China, the scientists go to the villages and hand hold farmers in teaching their findings, in India the scientists send out their finding sitting from the comfort of their offices to their subordinates in the field. The large land holder and big farmers benefit by these nuances.
If one stays in the villages and make efforts to study farmer’s problems, it would be apparent that the theoretician’s panacea for alleviating the farmer will be unworkable. It is because the suggested steps will be impossible for individual farmers to go about as he is deep into distress already. To compound, the farmer faces indebtedness and is hounded by money lenders. There is not much left for him to get his inputs for the land to produce meaningful crop / yield. Further it will be uneconomic to apply technology or mechanisation on fragmented lands.
Economist Prabhat Patnaik observes in Outlook Magazine: “Our share of cultivators has fallen since 1951. A whole set of people who might have been independent peasants…have been pushed into the ranks of agricultural labor. They have no rights, no security of income; they are subject to the worst kind of drudgery because it is all manual work. They cannot organise. It’s just a miserable and painful state of existence.”
Since the stagnant rural economy offers meagre opportunities for employment, a large segment of these households are footloose, circular distress migrants, evocatively described by labor anthropologist Jan Breman as ‘hunters and gatherers of work’. To stay alive, they will go to any corner of the country, to do any work, with any remuneration, on any terms. How true, as we see these migrants from lands far away, with different languages, cultures reside by road-side to seek work! It s indeed pathetic and painful to see such fellow Indians who once fed us, suffer from penury, now. Their children loiter and have lost opportunity to be educated.
Admittedly only large farmers are finding this vacation sustainable and emerge as real producers of food grains in the country. They produce whatever is best suited for them. They are an influential lot and often seen to be behind framing policies on agriculture. Many are politically connected and consequently are the biggest beneficiaries from this vocation. In contrast to small farmers, large farmers in our country with large tracts of lands conduct profitable agribusiness. Besides farming they have innovatively done value addition and successfully tapped opportunities for exports. They have large financial resource and can organise local labor easily. They also benefit from Government’s largess in terms of waiver of Income Tax, benefit the subsidies and take loans even though they may strictly not need one but await a loan waiver.
Also, there seems no system to communicate with farmers to produce what is needed in the country. For example, if there is the shortage of pluses, there is no mechanism available to communicate with farmers to grow pulses. Even if there is one, is it possible to get farmers to grow pulses to fulfil the demand? What price will they secure? Is the farmer who never grew pulses before, prepared to take risks? The fear of middlemen playing havoc will frighten farmers. Organising skills is yet to develop to tackle such eventualities. Hence, the Government has no other alternative but to import. There appears no system to assess, guide and fall into a norm for food production in India. With generally poor administrative machinery, one wonders if the statistical information provided by the Government is authentic. It is thus clear that the Management of the affairs of agriculture needs refurbishment to get around the issues eluding the right answers.
One of the progressive measures relates to the Government amending the Companies Act to incorporate a new section 581 to promote a concept of Farm Producer Company (FPC). Essentially this was to overcome the problems relating to cooperative society system that was initiated soon after independence. FPC gives a structural form to enable farmers to create a corporate form of enterprise so that famers can be issued equity shares against their land value and become owners of the enterprise to the extent of the equity holding. While it was intended that groups of farmers would form such FPC and operate with a vision to produce common good, it was a non starter because the structure lacked managerial expertise to operate in that form it was conceived. FPC was created to enable the company to, for instance, meet bank officials to arrange for loans for individual farmers, negotiate with input suppliers to deliver at reasonable prices and with good quality and so on. In other words what individual farmers lacked in doing independent farming, was to be done by a structured enterprise for the farmers. Deficiency of leadership, enterprise and cohesion were lacking. Thus it remains in an indeterminate state.
Many corporate like ITC, Mahindra, Birla, Reliance, HLL, Rallies, Godrej, and Pepsi to name a few have got into agricultural business. All of them have gained considerably from agriculture that signifies that wealth can be created from agriculture. However they are done with large land owners only.
However corporate farming has earned more criticism amongst the writers and observers of the agriculture industry because they feel that corporate collude with international agriculture companies. This may not be true entirely. Without exploitative mind an existing corporate can form a FPC and install a professional team to do agriculture on the farmers’ lands and derive benefits for themselves as well!
In Andhra Pradesh, under the aegis of the then Chief Minister, Chandrababu Naidu, who was perhaps inspired, coincidentally by the idea presented in this paper, agreed to let BHC Agro India Private Limited to conduct agricultural on lands belonging to farmers. Around 200 acres of lands belonging to small and marginal farmer’s lands were given to this company. The company had a tie up with an Israel Company for the supply of drip irrigation, even though, irrigating fields with drip technology has been in vogue in the country for long and certainly before this experiment. The land-owner farmers were asked to leave the village. A few were however engaged as labor but for a low wage and treated shabbily and poorly. They operated with a huge budget and spent money like water in pesticides and high-value fertiliser. They had no systematic plan for growing crops and did not engage any agricultural personnel but carried on with whatever manpower they had. This resulted in a total failure of the project and ultimately, had to be wound up. The farmers felt cheated at the end of the experiment. These details are in public domain. This is the result of a good model, but improperly executed.
Having virtually exhausted all avenues to resurrect small and marginal farmers, the way ahead can be summerised as follows:
Agriculture in India needs to be institutionalised in a manner that would be conducive to build the structure of the required paradigm. Individual farmers are too tired and worn out, confused at the array of rural interventions by NGOs and exploiters. Skill development, training and professional jargons do not enter their minds. They need resurrection from penury. They need hand holding and encouragement and assurance. Individually farmers cannot do agriculture and make a living. So the only way ahead for them is to group them together and let the farming be done on their lands by some professionals with whom they can engage for a wage.
They need to be convinced that formation of Farmer Producer Company is their option and they must understand this concept clearly. Mechanism to communicate the concept to the farmers assumes a challenge and a way need to be found to transmit the idea properly. When farmers’ lands will not be taken away or leased or sold, they must be assured. Besides, they will be resurrected from penury by getting wages all round the year. The other challenge is to secure an investor with passion and possesses a non-exploitative nature to partner with farmers. The proverbial storey of “goose laying golden eggs” comes to mind. It is a hard work and satisfaction always comes out in hard and sincere work. Institutionalisation, of agriculture is required to use large tracts of lands with use of technology, financial resource, management and engaging the best in the field of agriculture to develop a profitable model. Benefits can be shared by all constituents. The efforts of individual farmers thus get eradicated and joint effort with the cooperation of everyone will move the engine of development. This will alleviate small and marginal farmers, restore the village sanctity of peaceful and health living and create more jobs. Youth will desist migrating to cities and be a part of the entire system to joint effort that will build and develop villages.
A FPC can be registered between entrepreneurs and farmers under section 581 of the Company’s Act.
1. Entrepreneur(s) bring in cash for equity share and farmer’s land value is considered for issue of shares to him.
2. A Management Team will consist of farmers endowed with good knowledge and a sharp eye on farming techniques, investor(s)’s men with professional qualification or experience and lastly, eminent agricultural professionals.
3. All members will stay at the farm where comfortable dwelling accommodation shall be built.
4. Farmers’ lands will remain unaltered. It shall not be sold nor leased to the FPC. A written undertaking if necessary can be given to this extent. Real-time Satellite picture of the entire lands will be taken and exhibited on a big board in the FPC’s premises..
5. Cereals consumed by farmers will be produced on the lands of FPC, so that farmers need not go to fetch their food elsewhere. Farmers will be treated with dignity and respect by the Management Team and whoever is outsider into the system. A team of HR professionals will be entrusted to oversee this aspect.
6. Farmer’s cattle will be taken care by the FPC and milk from the cows and buffalos will be given to the children of the farmers.
7. Farmers will work on the lands according to the directions given by the management and wages will be paid for all those who are able to work. Children will not be allowed to work and must attend school. This will immediately sustain the farmer and his attitude towards a team work will ensure productivity.
8. People other than members will also get employment full time in the project. The aim will be to ensure employment for all those willing and employable. In addition to farming the FPC will go in for developing non-farm activities and value addition measures to improve the bottom line of the enterprise.
9. Success with one project will energise interest in many to form such PCs all over.
The foregoing proposal immediately alleviates the misery of the farmer from penury. He is mentally peaceful and blissful! Once the organisational plan is firmed up, results can be expected within 18 to 24 month. As farmers are paid wages, the risk factor is not weighing against him. Farmers will soon realise that the gold laying goose should be nurtured!
FPC can expand their horizon in terms of community development and when others also come in the fray, there will be competition amongst on showing one-up-man ship. The key is to collect and convince first group of farmers to collectively engage themselves and see the benefit it brings. Automatically many surrounding villages will take this up. I am waiting the first move.
The writer of this note is prepared to be a member of the Management Team or as a guide to see through the first such enterprise.
Former Director (Petroleum)
Indian Oil Corporation (IBP Unit)
Chennai : May, 30, 2016
Now a day’s Showrooming is very often in all retail stores like supermarket, electronic stores and apparel stores. Due to this, retailers’ profit is decreasing and somewhere they are incurring a loss as well. So it has been essential for retailers to fight against Showrooming. Mobile app is an incredible innovation of the decade that has helped thousands of businesses successfully combat serious business challenges. The same mobile app can work amazingly for retailers to combat show rooming. You can do it more easily by collaborating with the best mobile apps development company Saudi Arabia. Now let’s see how mobile app helps retailer’s combat show rooming?
With a mobile app for a store, customers can get personalized offers and discounts directly on their palm. It will create more interest in your products.
A Foresee Results survey states that 62% of shoppers are interested to buy through the retailer’s app. So the best mobile app development would be worth for both the customers as well as retailers.
Now a days, people search extensively before purchasing any product. So the app is more helpful for the customers as they can see the overall information of any product, as well as compare that with other similar products in the store. They can also get benefited from the customers’ reviews.
Compared to the information given in the app, the salespersons in the store have less information to detail customers. When it comes to about technical specifications, salespersons face difficulties to convey it and convince customers, which will pull customers towards the online world.
Another fruitful possibility to fight against Showrooming is mobile payment. This has the potential to greatly reduce the show rooming by combining payment with coupons, rewards and loyalty programs that incentivize individuals to shop in brick-and-mortar store instead of online.
Other ways to fight against Showrooming?
· Brick and mortar retailers can change their policies, i.e. if any customer wants to visit showrooms, he should pay a fixed amount. When coming out of the store, his amount will be refunded or redeemed against the purchase. By doing so, Showrooming could be decreased to a certain extent. Sometime it could impact customers negatively. So do it strategically.
· The retailers should update their offers on social media networks like Face book, LinkedIn, and Twitter, which will make customers grab offers and discounts immediately. It will build loyalty as well.
· Brick and mortar retailers can also provide free delivery
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Liberals downgrade JNU after attack on Vivek Agnihotri, declare Jadavpur University the new shrine
नवरात्र ( Navratri ) के नौवें दिन माता सिद्धिदात्री ( Devi Siddhidatri ) को पूजा जाता है, माता दुर्गा ( Durga ) की नौवीं और अंतिम शक्ति ( Shakti ) देवी सिद्धिदात्री की पूजा ( Navratri Pooja ) से उन्हें प्रसन्न कर मनुष्य सभी प्रकार की सिद्धियो से सम्पन्न हो सकता है.
हर किसी के जन्म से पूर्व ही उसके मृत्यु का निर्धारण हो जाता है इसमें वह कुछ भी नहीं कर सकता क्योकि यही सृष्टि का नियम है. जो इस मृत्युलोक में जन्म लेगा एक न एक दिन उसकी मृत्यु होना तय है. परन्तु प्रसिद्ध हिन्दूधर्म ग्रन्थ महाभारत के अनुसार यह बताया गया है
उड़ीसा राज्य में स्थित कोर्णाक का मंदिर (Konark Sun Temple) अपने अद्भुत एवं अनोखे वास्तुकला के लिए दुनिया भर के प्रसिद्ध मंदिर में से एक है. भगवान सूर्य देव (surya dev of konark temple) को समर्पित यह मंदिर भारत के मध्यकालीन वास्तु
देवी शक्ति ( Adi Shakti ) के 51 शक्तिपीठों ( 51 Shakti Peeth ) में से एक कमाख्या शक्तिपीठ भारत के असम राज्य में स्थित है. कामाख्या मंदिर असम राज्य के राजधानी दिसपुर के पास गुवाहटी से 10 किलोमीटर दूर नीलाचल पर्वत पर स्थित है. उच्ची पहाड़ी में स्थित कामख्या मंदिर को तांत्रिक महत्व से भी देखा जाता है. कालिका पुराण और शक्ति पुराण में कामाख्या शक्तिपीठ ( Shakti Peeth ) को सर्वोच्च बताया गया है. प्राचीन काल से ही यह एक प्रसिद्ध तीर्थ स्थल रहा है तथा वर्तमान में तांत्रिक लोगो के मन्त्र सिद्ध करने की दृष्टि से यह सर्वोच्च स्थान बन चूका है.
Ex-Delhi & Dakar bureau chief of The New York Time Somini Sengupta’s book The End of Karma talks about how India’s demographic dividend could turn to nightmare, if its leaders fail to deliver.
B.B. LAL, ARCHEOLOGIST’S EVIDENCES ON RAMA’S TEMPLE BELOW BABARI MUSJID
REVIEW of the book:
Rama, His Historicity, Mandir and Setu: Evidence of Literature, Archaeology and Other Stories by
Review by M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD (AIIMS), who did extensive research on Valmiki’s Ramayana.
Two noteworthy contributions by the author, B.B. Lal has made this book on Rama an invaluable one.
1. He concluded that “Ramayana was not a figment of the imagination of the poet, but was based on a true story carried down over centuries by word of mouth”-page 50.
2 a. He has provided archeological evidences pinpointing that a Hindu temple existed prior to Babari Masjid at Ayodhya. Figures 2.3 and 2.4 illustrate two pillars of Hindu temple re-fixed against pier of the Babari Masjid.
2 b. Fig.2.5 illustrates 1.10 X 0.56 metre stone slab carrying a 20 line long inscription. Written in characters of the 12th CE, it gives all the details regarding the construction of the temple (page 62).
2 c. Figure 2.6 another inscription on a pillar recovered from within the wall of the Babari Masjid (page 63).
MY CONCLUSIONS from excerpts from page 64: The inscription makes it abundantly clear that there did exist at the site a temple datable to circa 11th-12th century CE. The sculptures and inscribed slab that came out from within the walls of the Masjid belonged to this very temple.
M.A.Padmanabha Rao, PhD (AIIMS)
114 Charak Sadan Vikas Puri, New Delhi 110018
firstname.lastname@example.org, Mob: 9871257964 or 88001536690
So many occupants of the Indian Parliament have serious criminal charges against them.
The spirit of the Indian Parliament has long been killed by the goons occupying it. A few good men & women but sit sentinels; to whom, the majority of masses do still listen.
This instance of the most revolting brutalisation of an innocent, hapless and defenceless animal by an elected representative of people in full public view in the presence of policemen in such shocking and savage manner is absolutely without any defence, mitigation or lessening and has to be treated so in damning and condemning it to the utmost extent possible.
Are you looking to spend your holiday somewhere magical? If your mind’s pointing to Arabia or something related to magic carpets, you are going on the right direction.
Women have traditionally been taught that they should “be seen but not heard”. We are a society that places a high premium on silencing women, of consigning them to the margins and deleting them from history. The traditional invisibility of women’s distinct, individual voices is what Virginia Woolf referred to when she said, probably with a raised eyebrow and a half-grin, that “for most of history, Anonymous was a woman.”
All this talk about nationalism, patriotism et cetera. Wonder how many of them, so talking, genuinely care about the country. For if all these talking genuinely cared; the Tiger – a matter of pride and glory for India – would not have been as vulnerable to poaching and loss of habitat as they increasingly are.
The present write-up attempts to capture the increasing trauma and agony that loss of habitat and deadly poaching is fetching for our national animal; the most majestic of them all, the King, the Tiger.
This app is a technological solution, a digital medical record database, which will be a reckoning in providing cutting edge patient healthcare. No more paper driven medical records which were more prone to errors, omissions and losses, Swasthy brings your healthcare information to a new level of safety and effectiveness , in your phone
Poverty has to be eliminated. Whether it be through the government or through charity. If one really cares about the nation, the society; one has to contribute, first of all, to elimination of poverty.
This composition, based on a real life tragedy, gravitates on laying bare the untold misery that being poor means.
When the heart is filled with courage and the mind reflects will as strong as a rock, then physical challenges seem trifling. As it happened in the case of these five women, who defied their physicality to triumph over their life and career. Today, theirs is a tale to be told to inspire millions!
रामायण कि तरह, महाभारत को भी कई भाषाओं में अलग-अलग रूप में लिखा गया है । यूँ तो शकुनी के अतीत का वर्णन व्यास की महाभारत में नहीं मिलता पर जैन धर्म में यह कथा प्रचलित है ।कहा जाता है कि एक दिन बालक कौरवों और पांडवों में खेल-खेल में लड़ाई हो रही ….http://goo.gl/1l8zXG
Importance of coconut in Puja..
हिंदू धार्मिक अनुष्ठानों में प्रयोग की जाने वाली वस्तुएँ का अपना एक विशिष्ट महत्त्व है। चावल, रोली, आम के पत्ते, नारियल इत्यादि सबका प्रतीकात्मक महत्त्व है। आपने ध्यान दिया होगा कि घर कि पूजा में, गृह प्रवेश के दौरान, नई गाड़ी आने पर नारियल को ज़मीन पर मारकर तोड़ा जाता है। तो देखते हैं कि इस क्रिया का हिन्दू धर्म में अर्थ क्या है।
Gender and Identity Politics: Beyond Normative Heterosexuality
Any analysis into the world of gender should be of universal interest. After all in the opinion of many, one of the most crucial information about any individual is, whether the individual is born a man or a woman, and there on should acquire traits of masculinity and femininity. Is then not that according to many gender should be perceived as something inevitably built by culture acting upon male and female bodies. In short, we often signify with gender as culturally constructed maleness and femaleness. There is no denying the fact that such an understanding is radical enough as it implicitly reflects the feminist imagination on gender which questions that biology is destiny. However, then are not such views and imaginations too totalizing? After all they typify the entire humanity with two culturally intelligible categories male and female ignoring or undermining all that seems not to fit within the frame of dominant culture.
The article 377 of the Indian constitution is provocative enough posing a challenge to such dominant conceptions. Focusing on certain inclusions it provides a basis to rethink regarding the efficacy of categories like gender and sex and takes us to the realm of post-modern feminism and queer politics. Post-modern feminism calls for a deconstruction and decontextualization of categorises as sex, gender, body, man and woman, so as to realize their exclusionary limits. It carries the idea that gender should not be seen within the framework of binary categories of male and female, but it should be seen as it comes to be intersected and articulated by several modalities and vectors of power like sexuality, race and class etc. It thus, disavows distinction that the main-stream feminists make between sex and gender basing it on nature-culture dichotomy reflecting it as heterosexist and hence, reductive. Instead, it points out that the category of sex is as cultural as the category of gender. The juxtaposition of sex with nature tantamounts to its political use and purely serves the purpose of reproductive sexuality.
And, should it not be that a pervasive heterosexual assumption in the literary theory as well in our daily lives that make presumptions about the limits and proprietary of gender and restrict its meaning to received notions of masculinity and femininity be questioned. As how is that certain kinds of gendered expressions are considered to be false or derivative and others true or original? For homosexuality and categories as gays and lesbians are as natural or social as sex and gender. The need is to come out of the defined and normative understanding of gender. For the markers of gender as Judith Butler, one of the famous feminist theorist puts it are independent of biological body. The “drag-shows” she points sufficiently dispute heterosexuality’s claims to naturalness and originality as these create a unified picture of “women” coming out of men’s body.
The relationship between homosexuality and heterosexuality is a relationship that has a long history of being ignored and mishandled. However, whether we accept it or not homosexuality has been a part of the human scene since time immemorial. It is true to Indian culture as any western counterpart. The Mahabharata one of the foremost Hindu epic, reflects the warrior Prince Arjun taking recourse to a homosexual identity, and being called as ‘Brahanlala’ to hide his true identity. Then, why do we see homosexuality as a western import, a threat to Indian civilisation and Indianness? More so, if homosexuals where so despicable then why would have Prince Arjun taken a persona of being one to hide his true self. Then, again why protest against the article 377 as it offers a corrective to heterosexism that bedevils many feminist writings and popular perceptions on gender. The article opens up the field of possibilities for gender without dictating which kinds of possibilities ought to be realised. There is no single gendered way of life that it sets as a model. A secular nation respects and treats all alike allowing all to practice freely there will, unless it harms or threatens the interests of nation at large. So, what harm could it cause if homosexuals choose to forge families of their own? After all they are creations of humanity and equally feel sorrows and pains of life and require companionship and support in times of hardships and old age. More so, the homosexual unions and kinship anterior to biological parentage give primacy to the notion of adoption. Isn’t then homosexuality spelling out something noble? Then why do we regard it as something immoral?
Kanika Kakar is currently, working as an Assistant Professor on adhoc basis at Janki Devi Memorial College, University of Delhi. She has a long experience of teaching undergraduate courses in Sociology in various colleges of the University of Delhi in varied capacities. She is pursued her Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology, Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi and has recently, submitted her thesis titled “Tradition, Modernity and Gender in the Globalising Context: A Study of the Weaving Community of Chanderi”. In 2005 she was awarded with M.Phil. degree by the University of Delhi. She is a graduate and post-graduate in Sociology from University of Delhi.
With the egregious rise in the number of farmer deaths in Vidarbha, Maharashtra, the growing number of farm widows has also escalated. When a crisis-hit farmer kills himself, what happens to the family he leaves behind? His widow is further pushed into the debt trap and multiplies her struggle to make ends meet. After a farmer commits suicide, his family needs to fill up a 40 page questionnaire which validates his existence as a ‘legitimate farmer’. In most of the conditions, the government does not pay any money to the family if the suicide was committed out of depression and not loan-debt problem. In the cases that it does pay, Rs 30, 000 is directly paid to the farmer’s widow while Rs 70,000 is preserved in the form of a FD, so that the money cannot be looted by the hungry money-lenders.
For complete article visit- http://feministaa.com/2016/02/25/my-husband-did-not-have-enough-courage-to-face-the-problems-but-i-do-and-i-will-fight/
More than 80% of population of our country read Newspaper for the sake of knowledge about our country, world and some informative articles. Though style of newspapers has changed in recent times.Newspaper which was made to make people aware about the happenings in their town, city , country or world , slowly started to publish an informational page naming that magazine page.
This so called magazine page consists information other than that of daily news like bollywood actors, actresses, a regular long or short story, some religious information, a new tourist place explored ( Sunday edition), a special page dedicated to kids called kids corner.
Gradually with the passage of time this so called magazine page has started printing advertisements like hair oil, slimmimg medicines, and especially medicines related to sex problems.These kind of advertisements cover more than 60% of area of the page which is made for some other purpose like kids, or religeous or stories.
When we are paying RS.3-4 daily for the newspaper and Rs 1-2 extra for this magazine page, don’t we have the right to read the articles with some healthy information in it?
Either newspaper editors don’t have time to publish good articles or they are simply not interested in quality of articles or interviews published in these magazine pages.Afterall newspapers are the first thing which we came across at the start of the day. And it is still most informative brochure to the places where internet has not reached yet.
No doubt newspapers earn a lot from these kind of advertisements. But they should fix a certain amount of area and that is also the relevant kind of area to print these kind of advertisements. They should concentrate more on the content for which the page is made and customers can get healthy and information and worth of their precious money. Afterall people buy newspaper to read news not advertisements.
Sacred festivals in Asian nation, referred to as melas, square measure an important a part of the Hinduism tradition journey . Celebrating a mythological event within the lifetime of a god or AN auspicious pseudoscience amount, the melas attract huge numbers of pilgrims from everywhere the country. the best of those, the Kumbha Mela, may be a riverside pageant control fourfold each twelve years,
rotating between Allahabad at the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers; Nasik on the Godavari River; Ujjain on the Sipra River; and Hardwar on the Ganges River. Bathing in these rivers throughout the Kumbha Mela is taken into account a shot of nice advantage, cleansing each body and spirit. The Allahabad and Hardwar festivals square measure habitually attended by 5 million or a lot of pilgrims (13 million visited Allahabad in 1977, eighteen million in 1989, and nearly twenty four million in 2001) therefore the Kumbha Mela is that the largest spiritual gathering within the world. It additionally one in every of the oldest.
Hardwar…..when Jupiter is in Aquarius and therefore the Sun is in Aries throughout the Hindu month of Chait (March-April); 1986, 1998, 2010, 2021.
Allahabad…..when Jupiter is in Aries or Taurus and therefore the Sun and Moon area unit in Capricorn throughout the Hindu month of Magh (January-February); 1989, 2001, 2012, 2024.
Nasik…..when Jupiter and therefore the Sun area unit in Leo within the Hindu month of Bhadon (August-September); 1980, 1992, 2003, 2015.
Ujjain…..when Jupiter is in Leo and therefore the Sun is in Aries, or once Jupiter, the Sun, and therefore the Moon area unit in Libra throughout the Hindu month of Vaisakha (April-May); 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016.
Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Hsuan Tsang, created a visit to Associate in Nursing Allahabad competition within the seventh century AD whereas within the company of the King Harsavardhana. Tradition associates the ninth century thinker Sankaracharaya with the organization of the Kumbha Mela at Prayaga (Allahabad). Sankaracharaya had established four monasteries within the north, south, east and west of Asian nation, and had known as upon yogis, sadhus Associate in Nursingd sages to fulfill at these sites for an exchange of philosophical views. These sites within the four cardinal directions were separated by nice distances, however, and thus the a lot of centrally situated website of Prayaga became the installation of selection. Indologists speculate that in the ninth to twelfth centuries different monks and spiritual reformers perpetuated this periodic assemblage of sadhus and house owners at sacred places on the banks of holy rivers, so as to make Associate in Nursing surroundings of sympathy amongst completely different spiritual sects. to boot, the competition gave house owners the chance to profit from their association with the unremarkably reclusive sages and forest yogis. What was originally a regional competition at Prayaga so became the superior pan-Indian journey site.
Westerners regularly build judgments while not understanding the mythological, non secular and cultural reasons behind the behavior. whereas it’s on the far side the scope of this essay to debate the topic well, it’s attention-grabbing to focus attention upon the 2 origin myths of the Kumbha Mela competition. Drink of immortality were speculated to have fallen to earth at these sites, and at specific pseudoscience periods the four sites area unit believed to perform as portals into immortality and everlasting union with god. however did such myths arise and what’s the message encoded in them? maybe there’s some energy, some mysterious spirit or power, manifest at these places and times that somehow assists men to a lot of totally expertise religious immortality and divinity. the actual fact that many immeasurable individuals (coming from the foremost Associate in complex philosophical and metaphysical system on earth) have for thousands of years believed this to be true suggests that an impressive power is so gift at the Kumbha Mela sites.
Phantom is a Super-Hero.
Phantom has saved the lives of thousands of other dogs, mules and horses. With time, the number of dogs, mules and horses he would have saved would climb into millions and more.
This is the real-life story of how he achieved this grandest of feats.
With Bhubaneswar topping the list there are other19 cities who are gearing up to become the #firstSmartCity in the history of India. The basic concept behind the advent of smart city is the use of smarter technology like predictive analytics based on cognitive computing to improve efficiency and create better quality of life.
Sustainable growth and development is the chief driver behind the concept of smart city. The demand and supply equilibrium here strikes a perfect balance for the greater good of its denizens, the state economy and the environment.
India has recently witnessed the advent of 49-year-old Manabi Bandopadhyay, the first transgender Principal at a girl’s college in Kolkata. Since her appointment, she has been receiving several emails from students who want to study in her college, as they feel encouraged and emancipated with the audacious manner in which Bandopadhyay has embraced her sexuality.
Read more at : http://feministaa.com/2016/01/25/the-evolving-identity-of-hijras-in-india/
Interference with matters of religious practice forming arguably the subject matter of a civil code by the State has to be SELECTIVE AND NOT UNIFORM; to be couched and shaped by the degree of objection that any such particular religious practice may invite having regard to secular concepts of justice or propriety.
Way back in nineties, around one lakh people were able to log on to Internet globally. As of now, millions of people are hooked up to surf the net. This is a cause to express criminal tendencies than before. In a way, cyber space creates moral, civil and criminal wrongs. As you may know, crime is no way limited to a group of people, space or time. The law is as tough as its enforcement. Legal provisions must provide assurance to its users and empowerment to law enforcement agencies. Success in any field of human activity can bring crime.
Even now many IT professionals lack awareness and interest in cyber defamation in India. Interestingly law enforcement officers have lacked the tools to fix the problem. There are only a few court precedents for the officers to look for guidance. Everything is in a mess up in this field. Old laws didn’t fit for the crimes being committed now. Moreover, privacy issues are a hindrance to gather the evidence in order to prosecute the new cases. There is a need of cooperation among the law enforcement agencies and IT professionals.
The first step is to sort all the acts that can be considered as cybercrimes into organized categories for specifically defining individual cybercrimes. This unity can bring the Internet users to a safer side and crimes can be reduced. You can find out more information about cyber defamation and resolutions here: http://www.pathlegal.in/cybercrimecell/cyber_defamation.php
The war is not just on the frontiers or that involving terrorists.
In fact, a far, far greater, uglier, much more reprehensible and heinous war – a largely uncontested war where the aggressors rule the roost – is taking place in the streets and roads, villages, houses, public places and slums of India. This is where girls – even babies – and women are so numerously and repeatedly molested, raped and harassed to an unimaginable extent.
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You may think that it is easy to get someone to pay up whose cheque has bounced. But timing and procedure are very important in cheque bounce in India. If you are in need to recover an amount which is due on a cheque, that has bounced, you may follow the below mentioned ways.
Firstly send a demand notice to the party who issued the cheque. Through this notice you may threaten to initiate proceedings under the NI Act, if the amount due is not paid. Hopefully, the threat of prosecution can work magically and lead to speedy settlement. If the party is an individual, the proceedings will go under section 138 of the NI Act and if it is a company, the M D can be prosecuted personally under section 141.
The duration to send demand notice is within 30 days from the date you found that the cheque has bounced. There is no specific format for this. Its purpose is to simply demand payment and also to inform the issuer that if the payment is not made within 15 days, he/she will be prosecuted. If you are for sure can draft a notice yourself, a lawyer is not required to send this notice. Get it verified by a lawyer for a small sum. This notice often becomes the point of aggressive battle when a dispute does reach trial. Remember, proof of service of the notice is very important. Either you can send it via courier if pressed for time or send a copy through registered or speed post. The perfectly viable option is speed post.
If you are a victim of cheque bounce issue, it is advisable to go for criminal prosecution than filing a civil suit. You could consult experts by referring: http://www.pathlegal.in/ChequeBounce/India/
Criminal defamation proceedings, in the last few years, seem to have become much more numerous. Recently the Supreme Court has asked the central government whether it is possible to dilute the criminal defamation provisions in the IPC. Actually it’s just not the dilution, but also the safeguards that are required in the criminal defamation provisions. Here are the suggested manner of dilution and safeguards that need to be undertaken to the current criminal defamation provisions.
It is unfortunate when a common man makes a complaint to police against powerful builders, police make use of those complaints for their own gains. When after a lot of hassle with the court order an FIR is registered, the same corrupt police officers investigate the compalint themselves or do not action at all as police work for the powerful builders and not for the common man.
Animal sacrifice is a process to satisfy Gods from some materialistic aspect. As per the belief, one’s wish has been fulfilled by the grace of God, so he is giving one life or two or more lives to the God in return. Here those lives are evaluated as materials like other offerings; such as costly metals, stones, foods and in all the cases, the weak and harmless lives are sacrificed in terms of these votive offerings (mannat). Here Gods are neither worshiped for the spiritual upliftment of the people, nor for any other abstract philosophical concept, but were invoked to grant material gains.
Sacrifice is a very painful sight and heinous activity performed by some humans, to kill innocents insensitively in the name of God.
All the Sunlight that Earth Receives is not directly from Sun, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 11, November 2015, 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0411050 http://www.ijirset.com/upload/2015/november/50_6_All_the.pdf
Discovery of Padmanabha Rao Effect controlling planetary temperatures, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 12, December 2015, 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.04121292.